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DBMS > Dgraph vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. RocksDB

System Properties Comparison Dgraph vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. RocksDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDgraph  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Bigtable  Xexclude from comparisonRocksDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDistributed and scalable native Graph DBMSGoogle's NoSQL Big Data database service. It's the same database that powers many core Google services, including Search, Analytics, Maps, and Gmail.Embeddable persistent key-value store optimized for fast storage (flash and RAM)
Primary database modelGraph DBMSWide column storeKey-value store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.76
Rank#128  Overall
#11  Graph DBMS
Score3.55
Rank#87  Overall
#7  Wide column stores
Score3.44
Rank#88  Overall
#14  Key-value stores
Websitedgraph.iocloud.google.com/­bigtablerocksdb.org
Technical documentationdgraph.io/­docscloud.google.com/­bigtable/­docsgithub.com/­facebook/­rocksdb/­wiki
DeveloperDgraph Labs, Inc.GoogleFacebook, Inc.
Initial release201620152013
Current release6.22.1, July 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercialOpen Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageGoC++
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
hosted
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnono
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesnono
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonono
APIs and other access methodsGraphQL query language
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HTTP API
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HappyBase (Python library)
HBase compatible API (Java)
C++ API
Java API
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C++
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonono
Triggersnonono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyesShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSynchronous replication via RaftInternal replication in Colossus, and regional replication between two clusters in different zonesnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate consistency (for a single cluster), Eventual consistency (for two or more replicated clusters)
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDAtomic single-row operationsyes
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlno infoPlanned for future releasesAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)no
More information provided by the system vendor
DgraphGoogle Cloud BigtableRocksDB
Competitive advantagesHorizontally scalable transactional graph database with fast arbitrary-depth joins...
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More resources
DgraphGoogle Cloud BigtableRocksDB
Recent citations in the news

Graph Database Startup Vesoft Seeks Funds at $1 Billion Value
5 July 2021, Bloomberg

Dgraph Rises to the Top Graph Database on GitHub With 11 G2 Badges and 11M Downloads
26 May 2021, Business Wire

Gary Hagmueller Joins Dgraph Labs To Lead the Graph Platform Market Disruption
8 April 2021, Business Wire

Dgraph GraphQL database users detail graph use cases
20 April 2021, TechTarget

Dgraph launches Slash GraphQL, a GraphQL-native database Backend-as-a-Service
10 September 2020, TechCrunch

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19 July 2021, Synced

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26 July 2021, The Manomet Current

Google Cloud adds 2nd cloud region in country
15 July 2021, Mint

Google Products & Services Data Portfolio Review 2021
2 July 2021, Datamation

Google Cloud Improves SLA for Bigtable and Adds New Security Features
19 June 2021, InfoQ.com

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Facebook Open Sources MyRocks DB Engine And ZStandard Compression Algorithm
3 September 2016, Fossbytes

All 51 startups that debuted at Y Combinator W17 Demo Day 2
22 March 2017, TechCrunch

Alluxio Bolsters Data Orchestration for Hybrid Cloud World
11 July 2019, Datanami

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7 June 2019, RTInsights

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