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DBMS > Dgraph vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. Microsoft Azure Search

System Properties Comparison Dgraph vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. Microsoft Azure Search

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDgraph  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Bigtable  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Search  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDistributed and scalable native Graph DBMSGoogle's NoSQL Big Data database service. It's the same database that powers many core Google services, including Search, Analytics, Maps, and Gmail.Search-as-a-service for web and mobile app development
Primary database modelGraph DBMSWide column storeSearch engine
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.76
Rank#128  Overall
#11  Graph DBMS
Score3.55
Rank#87  Overall
#7  Wide column stores
Score6.53
Rank#59  Overall
#7  Search engines
Websitedgraph.iocloud.google.com/­bigtableazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­search
Technical documentationdgraph.io/­docscloud.google.com/­bigtable/­docsdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­search
DeveloperDgraph Labs, Inc.GoogleMicrosoft
Initial release201620152015
Current releaseV1
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageGo
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
hostedhosted
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonono
APIs and other access methodsGraphQL query language
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HTTP API
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HappyBase (Python library)
HBase compatible API (Java)
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
.Net
C#
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonono
Triggersnonono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyesShardingSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud service
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSynchronous replication via RaftInternal replication in Colossus, and regional replication between two clusters in different zonesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud service
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate consistency (for a single cluster), Eventual consistency (for two or more replicated clusters)Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDAtomic single-row operationsno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlno infoPlanned for future releasesAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)yes infousing Azure authentication
More information provided by the system vendor
DgraphGoogle Cloud BigtableMicrosoft Azure Search
Competitive advantagesHorizontally scalable transactional graph database with fast arbitrary-depth joins...
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More resources
DgraphGoogle Cloud BigtableMicrosoft Azure Search
DB-Engines blog posts

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