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DBMS > Dgraph vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. IBM Db2

System Properties Comparison Dgraph vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. IBM Db2

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDgraph  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Bigtable  Xexclude from comparisonIBM Db2 infoformerly named DB2 or IBM Database 2  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDistributed and scalable native Graph DBMSGoogle's NoSQL Big Data database service. It's the same database that powers many core Google services, including Search, Analytics, Maps, and Gmail.Common in IBM host environments, 2 different versions for host and Windows/Linux
Primary database modelGraph DBMSWide column storeRelational DBMS infoSince Version 10.5 support for JSON/BSON documents compatible with MongoDB
Secondary database modelsDocument store
RDF store infoin Db2 LUW (Linux, Unix, Windows)
Spatial DBMS infowith Db2 Spatial Extender
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.76
Rank#128  Overall
#11  Graph DBMS
Score3.55
Rank#87  Overall
#7  Wide column stores
Score165.15
Rank#7  Overall
#5  Relational DBMS
Websitedgraph.iocloud.google.com/­bigtablewww.ibm.com/­analytics/­db2
Technical documentationdgraph.io/­docscloud.google.com/­bigtable/­docswww.ibm.com/­support/­knowledgecenter/­SSEPGG
DeveloperDgraph Labs, Inc.GoogleIBM
Initial release201620151983 infohost version
Current release12.1, October 2016
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercialcommercial infofree version is available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageGoC and C++
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
hostedAIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoyes
APIs and other access methodsGraphQL query language
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HTTP API
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HappyBase (Python library)
HBase compatible API (Java)
ADO.NET
JDBC
JSON style queries infoMongoDB compatible
ODBC
XQuery
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C
C#
C++
Cobol
Delphi
Fortran
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonoyes
Triggersnonoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyesShardingSharding infoonly with Windows/Unix/Linux Version
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSynchronous replication via RaftInternal replication in Colossus, and regional replication between two clusters in different zonesyes infowith separate tools (MQ, InfoSphere)
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate consistency (for a single cluster), Eventual consistency (for two or more replicated clusters)
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDAtomic single-row operationsACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlno infoPlanned for future releasesAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
DgraphGoogle Cloud BigtableIBM Db2 infoformerly named DB2 or IBM Database 2
Competitive advantagesHorizontally scalable transactional graph database with fast arbitrary-depth joins...
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More resources
DgraphGoogle Cloud BigtableIBM Db2 infoformerly named DB2 or IBM Database 2
Recent citations in the news

Graph Database Startup Vesoft Seeks Funds at $1 Billion Value
5 July 2021, Bloomberg

Dgraph Rises to the Top Graph Database on GitHub With 11 G2 Badges and 11M Downloads
26 May 2021, Business Wire

Gary Hagmueller Joins Dgraph Labs To Lead the Graph Platform Market Disruption
8 April 2021, Business Wire

Dgraph GraphQL database users detail graph use cases
20 April 2021, TechTarget

Dgraph launches Slash GraphQL, a GraphQL-native database Backend-as-a-Service
10 September 2020, TechCrunch

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Google is Constructing Its Second "Cloud Region" in India
19 July 2021, Synced

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26 July 2021, The Manomet Current

Google Cloud adds 2nd cloud region in country
15 July 2021, Mint

Google Products & Services Data Portfolio Review 2021
2 July 2021, Datamation

Google Cloud Improves SLA for Bigtable and Adds New Security Features
19 June 2021, InfoQ.com

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