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DBMS > Dgraph vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. Hazelcast

System Properties Comparison Dgraph vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. Hazelcast

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDgraph  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Bigtable  Xexclude from comparisonHazelcast  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDistributed and scalable native Graph DBMSGoogle's NoSQL Big Data database service. It's the same database that powers many core Google services, including Search, Analytics, Maps, and Gmail.A widely adopted in-memory data grid
Primary database modelGraph DBMSWide column storeKey-value store
Secondary database modelsDocument store infoJSON support with IMDG 3.12
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.76
Rank#128  Overall
#11  Graph DBMS
Score3.55
Rank#87  Overall
#7  Wide column stores
Score9.20
Rank#50  Overall
#6  Key-value stores
Websitedgraph.iocloud.google.com/­bigtablehazelcast.com
Technical documentationdgraph.io/­docscloud.google.com/­bigtable/­docshazelcast.org/­imdg/­docs
DeveloperDgraph Labs, Inc.GoogleHazelcast
Initial release201620152008
Current release4.2, March 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2; commercial licenses available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageGoJava
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
hostedAll OS with a Java VM
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes infothe object must implement a serialization strategy
Secondary indexesyesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoSQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsGraphQL query language
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HTTP API
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HappyBase (Python library)
HBase compatible API (Java)
JCache
JPA
Memcached protocol
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
.Net
C#
C++
Clojure
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonoyes infoEvent Listeners, Executor Services
Triggersnonoyes infoEvents
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyesShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSynchronous replication via RaftInternal replication in Colossus, and regional replication between two clusters in different zonesyes infoReplicated Map
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate consistency (for a single cluster), Eventual consistency (for two or more replicated clusters)Immediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency selectable by user infoRaft Consensus Algorithm
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDAtomic single-row operationsone or two-phase-commit; repeatable reads; read commited
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlno infoPlanned for future releasesAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)Role-based access control
More information provided by the system vendor
DgraphGoogle Cloud BigtableHazelcast
Specific characteristicsHazelcast is an in-memory computing platform that runs applications with extremely...
» more
Competitive advantagesHorizontally scalable transactional graph database with fast arbitrary-depth joins...
» more
Hazelcast has an optimized, multi-threaded architecture that enables the highest...
» more
Typical application scenariosHazelcast powers many types of large-scale, data processing applications. A sample...
» more
Key customersHazelcast customers include 50 of the world’s largest financial services companies,...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsHazelcast provides both open source and commercial software. The open source offering...
» more

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More resources
DgraphGoogle Cloud BigtableHazelcast
Recent citations in the news

Graph Database Startup Vesoft Seeks Funds at $1 Billion Value
5 July 2021, Bloomberg

Dgraph Rises to the Top Graph Database on GitHub With 11 G2 Badges and 11M Downloads
26 May 2021, Business Wire

Dgraph GraphQL database users detail graph use cases
20 April 2021, TechTarget

Dgraph launches Slash GraphQL, a GraphQL-native database Backend-as-a-Service
10 September 2020, TechCrunch

Dgraph Labs Launches Slash Enterprise: Fully Hosted, Serverless Version of World's Most Advanced Graph Database
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14 July 2021, TechTarget

Java News Roundup: Hazelcast Introduces New Platform, JDK 17, JDK 18 and Spring
19 July 2021, InfoQ.com

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