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DBMS > Dgraph vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. Greenplum

System Properties Comparison Dgraph vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. Greenplum

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDgraph  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Bigtable  Xexclude from comparisonGreenplum  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDistributed and scalable native Graph DBMSGoogle's NoSQL Big Data database service. It's the same database that powers many core Google services, including Search, Analytics, Maps, and Gmail.Analytic Database platform built on PostgreSQL. Full name is Pivotal Greenplum Database infoA logical database in Greenplum is an array of individual PostgreSQL databases working together to present a single database image.
Primary database modelGraph DBMSWide column storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.72
Rank#126  Overall
#10  Graph DBMS
Score3.38
Rank#91  Overall
#8  Wide column stores
Score13.09
Rank#42  Overall
#26  Relational DBMS
Websitedgraph.iocloud.google.com/­bigtablegreenplum.org
Technical documentationdgraph.io/­docscloud.google.com/­bigtable/­docsdocs.greenplum.org
DeveloperDgraph Labs, Inc.GooglePivotal Software Inc.
Initial release201620152005
Current release6.7.1, April 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageGo
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
hostedLinux
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes infosince Version 4.2
Secondary indexesyesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoyes
APIs and other access methodsGraphQL query language
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HTTP API
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HappyBase (Python library)
HBase compatible API (Java)
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C
Java
Perl
Python
R
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonoyes
Triggersnonoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyesShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSynchronous replication via RaftInternal replication in Colossus, and regional replication between two clusters in different zonesSource-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate consistency (for a single cluster), Eventual consistency (for two or more replicated clusters)Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDAtomic single-row operationsACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlno infoPlanned for future releasesAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
DgraphGoogle Cloud BigtableGreenplum
Competitive advantagesHorizontally scalable transactional graph database with fast arbitrary-depth joins...
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DgraphGoogle Cloud BigtableGreenplum
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Graph Database Startup Vesoft Seeks Funds at $1 Billion Value
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