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DBMS > Dgraph vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. Google Cloud Datastore vs. YugabyteDB

System Properties Comparison Dgraph vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. Google Cloud Datastore vs. YugabyteDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDgraph  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Bigtable  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Datastore  Xexclude from comparisonYugabyteDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDistributed and scalable native Graph DBMSGoogle's NoSQL Big Data database service. It's the same database that powers many core Google services, including Search, Analytics, Maps, and Gmail.Automatically scaling NoSQL Database as a Service (DBaaS) on the Google Cloud PlatformHigh-performance distributed SQL database for global, internet-scale applications. Wire and feature compatible with PostgreSQL.
Primary database modelGraph DBMSWide column storeDocument storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Wide column store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.74
Rank#129  Overall
#11  Graph DBMS
Score3.64
Rank#91  Overall
#8  Wide column stores
Score4.43
Rank#80  Overall
#12  Document stores
Score1.22
Rank#158  Overall
#77  Relational DBMS
Websitedgraph.iocloud.google.com/­bigtablecloud.google.com/­datastorewww.yugabyte.com
Technical documentationdgraph.io/­docscloud.google.com/­bigtable/­docscloud.google.com/­datastore/­docsdocs.yugabyte.com
github.com/­yugabyte/­yugabyte-db
DeveloperDgraph Labs, Inc.GoogleGoogleYugabyte Inc.
Initial release2016201520082017
Current release2.6, August 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercialcommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Yugabyte Cloud is the fully managed database-as-a-service offering of YugabyteDB. Get started quickly, and effortlessly ensure continuous availability and limitless scale of your cloud native applications.
Implementation languageGoC and C++
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
hostedhostedLinux
OS X
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeschema-freedepending on used data model
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyes, details hereyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononono
Secondary indexesyesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoSQL-like query language (GQL)yes, PostgreSQL compatible
APIs and other access methodsGraphQL query language
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HTTP API
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HappyBase (Python library)
HBase compatible API (Java)
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
YCQL, an SQL-based flexible-schema API with its roots in Cassandra Query Language
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
.Net
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
C
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonousing Google App Engineyes infosql, plpgsql, C
TriggersnonoCallbacks using the Google Apps Engineyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyesShardingShardingHash and Range Sharding, row-level geo-partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSynchronous replication via RaftInternal replication in Colossus, and regional replication between two clusters in different zonesMulti-source replication using PaxosBased on Raft distributed consensus protocol, minimum 3 replicas for continuous availability
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesyes infousing Google Cloud Dataflowno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate consistency (for a single cluster), Eventual consistency (for two or more replicated clusters)Immediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on type of query and configuration infoStrong Consistency is default for entity lookups and queries within an Entity Group (but can instead be made eventually consistent). Other queries are always eventual consistent.Strong consistency on writes and tunable consistency on reads
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes infovia ReferenceProperties or Ancestor pathsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDAtomic single-row operationsACID infoSerializable Isolation within Transactions, Read Committed outside of TransactionsDistributed ACID with Serializable & Snapshot Isolation. Inspired by Google Spanner architecture.
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infobased on RocksDB
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonono
User concepts infoAccess controlno infoPlanned for future releasesAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)Access rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)yes
More information provided by the system vendor
DgraphGoogle Cloud BigtableGoogle Cloud DatastoreYugabyteDB
Specific characteristicsYugabyteDB is an open source distributed SQL database for cloud native transactional...
» more
Competitive advantagesHorizontally scalable transactional graph database with fast arbitrary-depth joins...
» more
PostgreSQL compatible: Get instantly productive with a PostgreSQL compatible RDBMS....
» more
Typical application scenariosSystems of record and engagement for cloud native applications that require resilience,...
» more
Market metrics900,000+ lifetime clusters deployed 5.5K+ GitHub stars 4.3K+ YugabyteDB Community...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache 2.0 license for the database
» more

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More resources
DgraphGoogle Cloud BigtableGoogle Cloud DatastoreYugabyteDB
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