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DBMS > Dgraph vs. Firebase Realtime Database vs. MongoDB vs. Realm

System Properties Comparison Dgraph vs. Firebase Realtime Database vs. MongoDB vs. Realm

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDgraph  Xexclude from comparisonFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparisonMongoDB  Xexclude from comparisonRealm  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDistributed and scalable native Graph DBMSCloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.One of the most popular document stores available both as a fully managed cloud service and for deployment on self-managed infrastructureA DBMS built for use on mobile devices that’s a fast, easy to use alternative to SQLite and Core Data
Primary database modelGraph DBMSDocument storeDocument storeDocument store
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
Search engine infointegrated Lucene index, currently in MongoDB Atlas only.
Time Series DBMS infoTime Series Collections introduced in Release 5.0
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.48
Rank#152  Overall
#12  Graph DBMS
Score19.08
Rank#38  Overall
#6  Document stores
Score489.64
Rank#5  Overall
#1  Document stores
Score9.31
Rank#52  Overall
#10  Document stores
Websitedgraph.iofirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-databasewww.mongodb.comrealm.io
Technical documentationdgraph.io/­docsfirebase.google.com/­docs/­databasedocs.mongodb.com/­manualrealm.io/­docs
DeveloperDgraph Labs, Inc.Google infoacquired by Google 2014MongoDB, IncRealm, acquired by MongoDB in May 2019
Initial release2016201220092014
Current release6.0.1, August 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercialOpen Source infoMongoDB Inc.'s Server Side Public License v1. Prior versions were published under GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses are also available.Open Source
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesno infoMongoDB available as DBaaS (MongoDB Atlas)no
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • ScaleGrid for MongoDB Database: Fully managed hosting for MongoDB Database on a wide variety of cloud providers and On-Premises. Automate your management, scaling and backups through one centralized platform.
  • MongoDB Atlas: Global multi-cloud database with unmatched data distribution and mobility across AWS, Azure, and Google Cloud, built-in automation for resource and workload optimization, and so much more.
Implementation languageGoC++
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
hostedLinux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Android
Backend: server-less
iOS
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeschema-free infoAlthough schema-free, documents of the same collection often follow the same structure. Optionally impose all or part of a schema by defining a JSON schema.yes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infostring, integer, double, decimal, boolean, date, object_id, geospatialyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoRead-only SQL queries via the MongoDB Connector for BIno
APIs and other access methodsGraphQL query language
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HTTP API
Android
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
proprietary protocol using JSON
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
Actionscript infounofficial driver
C
C#
C++
Clojure infounofficial driver
ColdFusion infounofficial driver
D infounofficial driver
Dart infounofficial driver
Delphi infounofficial driver
Erlang
Go
Groovy infounofficial driver
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp infounofficial driver
Lua infounofficial driver
MatLab infounofficial driver
Perl
PHP
PowerShell infounofficial driver
Prolog infounofficial driver
Python
R infounofficial driver
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Smalltalk infounofficial driver
Swift
.Net
Java infowith Android only
Objective-C
React Native
Swift
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnolimited functionality with using 'rules'JavaScriptno inforuns within the applications so server-side scripts are unnecessary
TriggersnoCallbacks are triggered when data changesyes infoin MongoDB Atlas onlyyes infoChange Listeners
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyesSharding infoPartitioned by hashed, ranged, or zoned sharding keys. Live resharding allows users to change their shard keys as an online operation with zero downtime.none
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSynchronous replication via RaftMulti-Source deployments with MongoDB Atlas Global Clusters
Source-replica replication
none
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possibleno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDyesMulti-document ACID Transactions with snapshot isolationACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infooptional, enabled by defaultyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoIn-memory storage engine introduced with MongoDB version 3.2yes infoIn-Memory realm
User concepts infoAccess controlno infoPlanned for future releasesyes, based on authentication and database rulesAccess rights for users and rolesyes
More information provided by the system vendor
DgraphFirebase Realtime DatabaseMongoDBRealm
Specific characteristicsMongoDB’s application data platform provides developers a unified interface to power...
» more
Now a part of MongoDB Data Platform , Realm Database is the fast, easy to use, and...
» more
Competitive advantagesThe MongoDB platform can be used by developers building transactional, operational,...
» more
Realm ensures offline-first functionality, meaning apps run smoothly and deliver...
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things and Time Series (Bosch, Jaguar Land Rover) Mobile (The Weather...
» more
Mobile Consumer Apps First-Line Worker Apps
» more
Key customersADP, Adobe, Amadeus, AstraZeneca, Auto Trader, Barclays, BBVA, Bosch, Cisco, CERN,...
» more
Cathay Pacific Royal Carribbean Cruise Lines Open Source Database powers apps built...
» more
Market metrics200+ million downloads, over 1.5M Atlas database clusters under management handling...
» more
Used by 100,000+ developers 2 bn installs Currently used in 40k+ applications in...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsMongoDB database server: Server-Side Public License (SSPL) . Commercial licenses...
» more
Realm database is licensed under the Apache License v2.0.
» more

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More resources
DgraphFirebase Realtime DatabaseMongoDBRealm
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