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DBMS > Dgraph vs. Firebase Realtime Database vs. MarkLogic

System Properties Comparison Dgraph vs. Firebase Realtime Database vs. MarkLogic

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDgraph  Xexclude from comparisonFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparisonMarkLogic  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDistributed and scalable native Graph DBMSCloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.Operational and transactional Enterprise NoSQL database
Primary database modelGraph DBMSDocument storeDocument store
Native XML DBMS
RDF store infoas of version 7
Search engine
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.69
Rank#135  Overall
#11  Graph DBMS
Score20.06
Rank#36  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score9.34
Rank#51  Overall
#8  Document stores
#1  Native XML DBMS
#1  RDF stores
#4  Search engines
Websitedgraph.iofirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-databasewww.marklogic.com
Technical documentationdgraph.io/­docsfirebase.google.com/­docs/­databasedocs.marklogic.com
DeveloperDgraph Labs, Inc.Google infoacquired by Google 2014MarkLogic Corp.
Initial release201620122001
Current release9.0, 2017
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercialcommercial inforestricted free version is available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageGoC++
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
hostedLinux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeschema-free infoSchema can be enforced
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoyes infoSQL92
APIs and other access methodsGraphQL query language
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HTTP API
Android
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
Java API
Node.js Client API
ODBC
proprietary Optic API infoProprietary Query API, introduced with version 9
RESTful HTTP API
SPARQL
WebDAV
XDBC
XQuery
XSLT
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnolimited functionality with using 'rules'yes infovia XQuery or JavaScript
TriggersnoCallbacks are triggered when data changesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyesSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSynchronous replication via Raftyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyes infovia Hadoop Connector, HDFS Direct Access and in-database MapReduce jobs
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDyesACID infocan act as a resource manager in an XA/JTA transaction
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes, with Range Indexes
User concepts infoAccess controlno infoPlanned for future releasesyes, based on authentication and database rulesRole-based access control at the document and subdocument levels
More information provided by the system vendor
DgraphFirebase Realtime DatabaseMarkLogic
Specific characteristicsThe MarkLogic Multi-Model Database provides the simplest way to integrate data from...
» more
Competitive advantagesHorizontally scalable transactional graph database with fast arbitrary-depth joins...
» more
The main benefit of MarkLogic is simplicity. By making things simpler, MarkLogic...
» more
Typical application scenariosMarkLogic’s main use case is the Operational Data Hub . A Data Hub is useful for...
» more
Key customersMarkLogic has proven results managing mission-critical data with over 1,000 global...
» more
Market metricsMarkLogic is well known within the Fortune 1000, with a strong presence in financial...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsMarkLogic provides a variety of licenses and cloud services: MarkLogic Data Hub Service...
» more

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
DgraphFirebase Realtime DatabaseMarkLogic
DB-Engines blog posts

Cloud-based DBMS's popularity grows at high rates
12 December 2019, Paul Andlinger

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