DB-EnginesExtremeDB: the mission critical dbmsEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Dgraph vs. Fauna vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Oracle NoSQL vs. VelocityDB

System Properties Comparison Dgraph vs. Fauna vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Oracle NoSQL vs. VelocityDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDgraph  Xexclude from comparisonFauna infopreviously named FaunaDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonOracle NoSQL  Xexclude from comparisonVelocityDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDistributed and scalable native Graph DBMSFauna provides a web-native interface, with support for GraphQL and custom business logic that integrates seamlessly with the rest of the serverless ecosystem. The underlying globally distributed storage and compute platform is fast, consistent, and reliable, with a modern security infrastructure.Microsofts flagship relational DBMSA multi-model, scalable, distributed NoSQL database, designed to provide highly reliable, flexible, and available data management across a configurable set of storage nodesA .NET Object Database that can be embedded/distributed and extended to a graph data model (VelocityGraph)
Primary database modelGraph DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Relational DBMS
Time Series DBMS
Relational DBMSDocument store
Key-value store
Relational DBMS
Graph DBMS
Object oriented DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.57
Rank#141  Overall
#11  Graph DBMS
Score1.38
Rank#151  Overall
#27  Document stores
#12  Graph DBMS
#73  Relational DBMS
#10  Time Series DBMS
Score944.96
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score4.38
Rank#86  Overall
#16  Document stores
#14  Key-value stores
#45  Relational DBMS
Score0.01
Rank#348  Overall
#36  Graph DBMS
#18  Object oriented DBMS
Websitedgraph.iofauna.comwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.oracle.com/­database/­technologies/­related/­nosql.htmlvelocitydb.com
Technical documentationdgraph.io/­docsdocs.fauna.comdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverdocs.oracle.com/­en/­database/­other-databases/­nosql-database/­index.htmlvelocitydb.com/­UserGuide
DeveloperDgraph Labs, Inc.Fauna, Inc.MicrosoftOracleVelocityDB Inc
Initial release20162014198920112011
Current releaseSQL Server 2019, November 201922.1, May 20227.x
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercialcommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoProprietary for Enterprise Edition (Oracle Database EE license has Oracle NoSQL database EE covered: details)commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageGoScalaC++JavaC#
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
hostedLinux
Windows
Linux
Solaris SPARC/x86
Any that supports .NET
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeyesSupport Fixed schema and Schema-less deployment with the ability to interoperate between them.yes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyesoptionalyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyesnono
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoyesSQL-like DML and DDL statementsno
APIs and other access methodsGraphQL query language
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HTTP API
RESTful HTTP APIADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
RESTful HTTP API.Net
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
C#
Go
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
Scala
Swift
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
C
C#
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
.Net
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnouser defined functionsTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javanono
TriggersnonoyesnoCallbacks are triggered when data changes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyeshorizontal partitioning infoconsistent hashingtables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSynchronous replication via RaftMulti-source replicationyes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionElectable source-replica replication per shard. Support distributed global deployment with Multi-region table feature
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononowith Hadoop integrationno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infodepending on configuration
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyesnono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDconfigurable infoACID within a storage node (=shard)ACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes infooff heap cacheyes
User concepts infoAccess controlno infoPlanned for future releasesIdentity management, authentication, and access controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and rolesBased on Windows Authentication

More information provided by the system vendor

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesNavicat for SQL Server gives you a fully graphical approach to database management and development.
» more

SQL Complete: An advanced IntelliSense-style code completion add-in for SSMS and Visual Studio. Write, beautify, refactor your SQL code and give your productivity a dramatic boost.
» more

Navicat Monitor is a safe, simple and agentless remote server monitoring tool for SQL Server and many other database management systems.
» more

SQLFlow: Provides a visual representation of the overall flow of data. Automated SQL data lineage analysis across Databases, ETL, Business Intelligence, Cloud and Hadoop environments by parsing SQL Script and stored procedure.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
DgraphFauna infopreviously named FaunaDBMicrosoft SQL ServerOracle NoSQLVelocityDB
DB-Engines blog posts

MySQL is the DBMS of the Year 2019
3 January 2020, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

The struggle for the hegemony in Oracle's database empire
2 May 2017, Paul Andlinger

Microsoft SQL Server is the DBMS of the Year
4 January 2017, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

show all

Recent citations in the news

Popular Open Source GraphQL Company Dgraph Secures $6M in Seed Round with New Leadership
20 July 2022, PR Newswire

Dgraph GraphQL database users detail graph use cases
20 April 2021, TechTarget

Dgraph Rises to the Top Graph Database on GitHub With 11 G2 Badges and 11M Downloads
26 May 2021, Business Wire

Dgraph launches Slash GraphQL, a GraphQL-native database Backend-as-a-Service
10 September 2020, TechCrunch

Dgraph raises $11.5 million for scalable graph database solutions
31 July 2019, VentureBeat

provided by Google News

FaunaDB: An Introduction
12 April 2022, Built In

New Database Quantifies the Human Impact on the Environment
3 August 2022, Caltech

South America Cloud-Based Time Series Database Market Latest Updates, Data and Outlook to 2030| Alibaba, Amazon (AWS), AVEVA – Shanghaiist
10 August 2022, Shanghaiist

Fauna Adds Industry's First Real Time Streaming to its Serverless-Native Database
8 March 2022, Business Wire

Fauna Transactional Database Introduces Event Streaming
3 April 2022, InfoQ.com

provided by Google News

SQL Server 2022: Here’s what you need to know
29 July 2022, TechRepublic

SQL Server 2022 New Features
22 July 2022, Petri.com

Microsoft Ends SQL Server 2012 Support
12 July 2022, Redmond Channel Partner

Why No Full SQL Server Reporting/Integration Services in Visual Studio 2022?
18 July 2022, Visual Studio Magazine

Couldn't connect to West Europe SQL Databases last week? Blame operator error
25 July 2022, The Register

provided by Google News

Oracle and Microsoft Rolling Out Database Service for Azure
25 July 2022, Datamation

Oracle NoSQL database comes to the cloud
2 April 2020, TechTarget

Oracle NoSQL Database
28 March 2022, TechTarget

First look: Oracle NoSQL Database
16 November 2011, InfoWorld

Oracle, Uni. Of Mauritius develop breast cancer awareness app
21 April 2022, Africanews English

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Software Engineer FS Poly Required
Integrated Intel Solutions, McLean, VA

Senior Software Engineer (CLI)
Codenotary, Remote

Senior Software Engineer
Codenotary, Remote

Data Architect
Thomson Reuters, Carrollton, TX

Senior Golang Developer
Codenotary, Remote

PARK RANGER 1** - 07282022-34744
State of Tennessee, Wartburg, TN

OPS BIO-EXOTIC PLANT TECH (BIO SCIENT I)
The State of Florida, Apopka, FL

PARK RANGER 1** - 07282022-34563
State of Tennessee, Nashville, TN

Early-Career Natural Resources Scientist
Geosyntec Consultants, Inc., Austin, TX

Graduate Research Assistant
University of Hawaii, Honolulu, HI

SQL Server Developer
Buzzclan LLC, Dimondale, MI

SSIS ETL Developer, Microsoft SQL Server
DataSciences, United States

SQL Server Developer with NoSQL
Appian Infotech, Remote

SQL Server DBA
eTeam Inc., Memphis, TN

MS SQL Server / SSIS, SSRS/BI Developer SQL Server/ BI Developer
Expedent Corp, Nashville, TN

Front End Engineer
Avero, Remote

Data Engineer
Fisher Investments, Tampa, FL

Front End Engineer
Averoinc.com, Remote

Full Stack Developer
Dallas Morning News, Dallas, TX

UI Developer
Zachary Piper Solutions, Remote

jobs by Indeed



Share this page

Featured Products

Redis logo

The world’s most loved real‑time data platform.
Try free

Neo4j logo

See for yourself how a graph database can make your life easier.
Use Neo4j online for free.

The definitive guide for Cassandra

Imagine What You Could Do if Scalability Wasn‘t a Problem!
Download the Cassandra e-book for free!

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Vertica logo

Vertica Accelerator. The fastest analytics and machine learning, delivered as SaaS, with automated setup, administration, and management. Free trial.

Present your product here