DB-EnginesExtremeDB: hybrid in-memory and persistent storage based on a true IMDSEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Dgraph vs. EsgynDB vs. NuoDB vs. PostgreSQL

System Properties Comparison Dgraph vs. EsgynDB vs. NuoDB vs. PostgreSQL

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDgraph  Xexclude from comparisonEsgynDB  Xexclude from comparisonNuoDB  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDistributed and scalable native Graph DBMSEnterprise-class SQL-on-Hadoop solution, powered by Apache TrafodionNuoDB is a webscale distributed database that supports SQL and ACID transactionsWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelGraph DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.71
Rank#131  Overall
#11  Graph DBMS
Score0.26
Rank#274  Overall
#127  Relational DBMS
Score1.12
Rank#164  Overall
#81  Relational DBMS
Score568.51
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websitedgraph.iowww.esgyn.cnnuodb.comwww.postgresql.org
Technical documentationdgraph.io/­docsdoc.nuodb.comwww.postgresql.org/­docs
DeveloperDgraph Labs, Inc.EsgynNuoDB, Inc.PostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release2016201520131989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current release13.3, May 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercialcommercial infolimited edition freeOpen Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ScaleGrid for PostgreSQL: Fully managed PostgreSQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageGoC++, JavaC++C
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
Linuxhosted infoAmazon EC2, Windows Azure, SoftLayer
Linux
OS X
Windows
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononoyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyesyesyes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methodsGraphQL query language
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBC/ADO.Net.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoJava Stored ProceduresJava, SQLuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
Triggersnonoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyesShardingdata is dynamically stored/cached on the nodes where it is read/writtenpartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSynchronous replication via RaftMulti-source replication between multi datacentersyes infoManaged transparently by NuoDBSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID infotunable commit protocolACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infoMVCCyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infoTemporary tableno
User concepts infoAccess controlno infoPlanned for future releasesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardStandard SQL roles/ privileges, Administrative Usersfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
DgraphEsgynDBNuoDBPostgreSQL
Competitive advantagesHorizontally scalable transactional graph database with fast arbitrary-depth joins...
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesNavicat for PostgreSQL is an easy-to-use graphical tool for PostgreSQL database development.
» more

pgDash: In-Depth PostgreSQL Monitoring.
» more

CYBERTEC is your professional partner for PostgreSQL services and Data Science since 2000. With offices in Austria, Uruguay, Estonia, Poland, South Africa and Switzerland, CYBERTEC operates worldwide and is here for you 24/7!
» more

EDB: Helping organizations get the most from PostgreSQL, Oracle Migration, High Availability, Security
» more

Fivetran: Quickly and easily centralize your on-premise and cloud databases.
» more

ClusterControl: the only management system you’ll ever need to take control of your open source database infrastructure.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
DgraphEsgynDBNuoDBPostgreSQL
DB-Engines blog posts

Meet some database management systems you are likely to hear more about in the future
4 August 2014, Paul Andlinger

show all

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2020
4 January 2021, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2018
2 January 2019, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2017
2 January 2018, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

Recent citations in the news

Dgraph Rises to the Top Graph Database on GitHub With 11 G2 Badges and 11M Downloads
26 May 2021, Business Wire

Dgraph jumps to the top of GitHub’s graph database with 11 G2 badges and 11 million downloads
23 June 2021, Illinoisnewstoday.com

Dgraph GraphQL database users detail graph use cases
20 April 2021, TechTarget

Dgraph Labs Launches Slash GraphQL, Industry's First GraphQL-Native Database Backend-As-A-Service
10 September 2020, GlobeNewswire

Dgraph Labs Launches Slash Enterprise: Fully Hosted, Serverless Version of World's Most Advanced Graph Database
3 December 2020, GlobeNewswire

provided by Google News

Mphasis partners with Esgyn Corporation to optimize Open-Source frameworks and expand industry footprint
24 May 2019, PRNewswire

provided by Google News

Dassault Systèmes Announces the Acquisition of NuoDB, a Cloud-Native Distributed SQL Database Leader
25 November 2020, Business Wire

Dassault Systèmes Announces the Acquisition of NuoDB
3 December 2020, ARC Viewpoints

NuoDB Releases 4.1 Featuring Analytics & Performance Upgrades for The Banking Industry and Is Recognized as
10 August 2020, GlobeNewswire

Dassault Systèmes acquires NuoDB, a cloud-native distributed SQL database leader
30 November 2020, Design World Network

Dassault Systèmes to acquire NuoDB, a Cambridge database startup - Boston Business Journal
25 November 2020, Boston Business Journal

provided by Google News

EDB turns up the heat on PostgreSQL to fire up enterprise database market
21 June 2021, SiliconANGLE News

Postgres Professional adds enterprise-features, PostgreSQL 13 updates
8 June 2021, VentureBeat

PostgreSQL benefits and challenges: A snapshot
27 May 2021, InfoWorld

Staying power: the growing impact of PostgreSQL on enterprise marks Postgres Vision 2021
15 June 2021, SiliconANGLE News

IT and DevOps Pros Will Quit for Better Career Path and Mentorship - EDB Survey Shows
23 June 2021, Galveston County Daily News

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Software Engineer
Socialbase, Remote

Site Reliability Engineer
Socialbase, Remote

DevOps Engineer
Socialbase, Remote

Backend Engineer
Socialbase, Remote

Digital - DataHub - Data Architect
FactSet Research Systems, Norwalk, CT

Manager, Solution Architecture - Project Omnia
Deloitte, Phoenix, AZ

Customer Support Engineer I
Dassault Systèmes, Waltham, MA

Staff Engineer, Database (DBA)
Medidata Solutions, Iselin, NJ

NuoDB -Software Engineer
Dassault Systèmes, Waltham, MA

NuoDB -Senior Software Engineer
Dassault Systèmes, Cambridge, MA

Data Technician (Full- or Part-Time)
Thasos Group, New York, NY

Customer Success Manager
Underdog.io, Remote

Data Analyst
Location3, Denver, CO

PostgreSQL DBA
Dovel Technologies, LLC, College Park, MD

Software Engineer II - PostgreSQL Admin
7-Eleven, Inc., Irving, TX

jobs by Indeed




Share this page

Featured Products

Neo4j logo

Get your free copy of the new O'Reilly book Graph Algorithms with 20+ examples for
machine learning, graph analytics and more.

Datastax Astra logo

Build cloud-native apps fast with Astra, the open-source, multi-cloud stack for
modern data apps.
Get started with 5 GB free..

AllegroGraph logo

Graph Database Leader for AI Knowledge Graph Applications - The Most Secure Graph Database Available.
Free Download

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.

Present your product here