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DBMS > Dgraph vs. EsgynDB vs. Newts vs. RDF4J vs. TiDB

System Properties Comparison Dgraph vs. EsgynDB vs. Newts vs. RDF4J vs. TiDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDgraph  Xexclude from comparisonEsgynDB  Xexclude from comparisonNewts  Xexclude from comparisonRDF4J infoformerly known as Sesame  Xexclude from comparisonTiDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDistributed and scalable native Graph DBMSEnterprise-class SQL-on-Hadoop solution, powered by Apache TrafodionTime Series DBMS based on CassandraRDF4J is a Java framework for processing RDF data, supporting both memory-based and a disk-based storage.TiDB is an open source distributed Hybrid Transactional/Analytical Processing (HTAP) database that supports MySQL and Spark SQL syntaxes.
Primary database modelGraph DBMSRelational DBMSTime Series DBMSRDF storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.51
Rank#139  Overall
#11  Graph DBMS
Score0.23
Rank#281  Overall
#130  Relational DBMS
Score0.00
Rank#351  Overall
#36  Time Series DBMS
Score0.68
Rank#211  Overall
#9  RDF stores
Score3.26
Rank#95  Overall
#51  Relational DBMS
Websitedgraph.iowww.esgyn.cnopennms.github.io/­newtsrdf4j.orgpingcap.com
Technical documentationdgraph.io/­docsgithub.com/­OpenNMS/­newts/­wikirdf4j.org/­documentationdocs.pingcap.com/­tidb/­stable
DeveloperDgraph Labs, Inc.EsgynOpenNMS GroupSince 2016 officially forked into an Eclipse project, former developer was Aduna Software.PingCAP, Inc.
Initial release20162015201420042016
Current release5.0.1, April 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoEclipse Distribution License (EDL), v1.0.Open Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
TiDB Cloud: Fully-managed TiDB Service. Bring everything great about TiDB to the cloud.
Implementation languageGoC++, JavaJavaJavaGo, Rust
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
LinuxLinux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Unix
Windows
Linux
Data schemeschema-freeyesschema-freeyes infoRDF Schemasyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononono
Secondary indexesyesyesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyesnonoyes
APIs and other access methodsGraphQL query language
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
HTTP REST
Java API
Java API
RIO infoRDF Input/Output
Sail API
SeRQL infoSesame RDF Query Language
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBC/ADO.NetJavaJava
PHP
Python
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoJava Stored Proceduresnoyesno
Triggersnononoyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyesShardingSharding infobased on Cassandranonehorizontal partitioning (by key range)
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSynchronous replication via RaftMulti-source replication between multi datacentersselectable replication factor infobased on CassandranoneUsing Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesnonoyes infowith TiSpark Connector
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency infobased on Cassandra
Immediate Consistency infobased on Cassandra
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesnono infocurrently only supported in syntax
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDnoACID infoIsolation support depends on the API usedACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infoin-memory storage is supported as wellyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonono
User concepts infoAccess controlno infoPlanned for future releasesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnonoUsers with fine-grained authorization concept. No user groups or roles.
More information provided by the system vendor
DgraphEsgynDBNewtsRDF4J infoformerly known as SesameTiDB
Specific characteristicsTiDB is an open-source NewSQL database built by PingCAP. TiDB supports Hybrid Transactional...
» more
Competitive advantagesHorizontally scalable transactional graph database with fast arbitrary-depth joins...
» more
In the current database landscape, infrastructure engineers often have to use one...
» more
Typical application scenariosTiDB is designed to support both OLTP and OLAP scenarios. You can use TiDB , the...
» more
Key customersShopee (E-commerce) BookMyShow.com (E-commerce) Yiguo.com (E-commerce) JD Cloud &...
» more
Market metrics25K+ GitHub Stars for TiDB, and 8K+ GitHub Stars for TiKV 1.6K+ members in TiDB Community...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOpen Source Apache 2.0 with either commercial licensing or fully-hosted DB-as-a-service...
» more

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More resources
DgraphEsgynDBNewtsRDF4J infoformerly known as SesameTiDB
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