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DBMS > Dgraph vs. EsgynDB vs. Neo4j vs. NuoDB

System Properties Comparison Dgraph vs. EsgynDB vs. Neo4j vs. NuoDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDgraph  Xexclude from comparisonEsgynDB  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonNuoDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDistributed and scalable native Graph DBMSEnterprise-class SQL-on-Hadoop solution, powered by Apache TrafodionScalable, ACID-compliant graph database designed with a high-performance distributed cluster architecture, available in self-hosted and cloud offeringsNuoDB is a webscale distributed database that supports SQL and ACID transactions
Primary database modelGraph DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMSRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.71
Rank#131  Overall
#11  Graph DBMS
Score0.26
Rank#274  Overall
#127  Relational DBMS
Score55.75
Rank#18  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score1.12
Rank#164  Overall
#81  Relational DBMS
Websitedgraph.iowww.esgyn.cnneo4j.comnuodb.com
Technical documentationdgraph.io/­docsneo4j.com/­docsdoc.nuodb.com
DeveloperDgraph Labs, Inc.EsgynNeo4j, Inc.NuoDB, Inc.
Initial release2016201520072013
Current release4.3.0, June 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercialOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availablecommercial infolimited edition free
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Neo4j Aura: Neo4j’s fully managed cloud service: The zero-admin, always-on graph database for cloud developers.
Implementation languageGoC++, JavaJava, ScalaC++
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
LinuxLinux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
hosted infoAmazon EC2, Windows Azure, SoftLayer
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesschema-free and schema-optionalyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyesnoyes
APIs and other access methodsGraphQL query language
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBC/ADO.Net.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoJava Stored Proceduresyes infoUser defined Procedures and FunctionsJava, SQL
Triggersnonoyes infovia event handleryes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyesShardingyes using Neo4j Fabricdata is dynamically stored/cached on the nodes where it is read/written
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSynchronous replication via RaftMulti-source replication between multi datacentersCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyyes infoManaged transparently by NuoDB
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyes infoRelationships in graphsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACID infotunable commit protocol
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes infoMVCC
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infoTemporary table
User concepts infoAccess controlno infoPlanned for future releasesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)Standard SQL roles/ privileges, Administrative Users
More information provided by the system vendor
DgraphEsgynDBNeo4jNuoDB
Specific characteristicsNeo4j delivers graph technology that has been battle tested for performance and scale...
» more
Competitive advantagesHorizontally scalable transactional graph database with fast arbitrary-depth joins...
» more
Neo4j is the market leader, graph database category creator, and the most widely...
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersOver 800 commercial customers and over 4300 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than 140 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
News

This Week in Neo4j – Recommendations, Shakespeare, Graphyx, Aura Free Tier, Dungeons and Dragons, GraphSAGE, NODES 2021
19 June 2021

Announcing Early Access of Neo4j Aura Free Tier
18 June 2021

Neo4j Raises the Largest Funding Round in Database History
17 June 2021

Introducing Neo4j 4.3: The Fastest Path to Graph Productivity
17 June 2021

This Week in Neo4j – deps.dev, neo-forgery, Motherlode, tei2neo, RBAC with Azure AD, Prometheus, GraphStuff.FM Podcasts
12 June 2021

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesGraphable delivers expert services for Neo4j and other Graph DBMS.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
DgraphEsgynDBNeo4jNuoDB
DB-Engines blog posts

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2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

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Conferences and events

Graph-Centered AppDev Series, What's wrong with your application?
Webinar, Episode 1 [REPLAY], 6 April 2021 - 6 July 2021

Recent citations in the news

Dgraph Rises to the Top Graph Database on GitHub With 11 G2 Badges and 11M Downloads
26 May 2021, Business Wire

Dgraph jumps to the top of GitHub’s graph database with 11 G2 badges and 11 million downloads
30 May 2021, Illinoisnewstoday.com

Dgraph GraphQL database users detail graph use cases
20 April 2021, TechTarget

Dgraph Labs Launches Slash Enterprise: Fully Hosted, Serverless Version of World's Most Advanced Graph Database
3 December 2020, GlobeNewswire

Dgraph Labs Now Available on Auth0 Marketplace
22 September 2020, GlobeNewswire

provided by Google News

Mphasis partners with Esgyn Corporation to optimize Open-Source frameworks and expand industry footprint
24 May 2019, PRNewswire

provided by Google News

Graph database platform Neo4j raises $325M to inform decision-making
17 June 2021, VentureBeat

Graph Database Startup Neo4j Secures $325M Investment
19 June 2021, The Fast Mode

Apiax, BASF, and Fujitsu Research Labs to Headline Neo4j's Largest Global Gathering of Graph-Focused Developers
3 June 2021, PRNewswire

Neo4j Funding Latest in Real-Time Market Investments
17 June 2021, RTInsights

Graphs as a foundational technology stack: Analytics, AI, and hardware
28 May 2021, VentureBeat

provided by Google News

Dassault Systèmes Announces the Acquisition of NuoDB, a Cloud-Native Distributed SQL Database Leader
25 November 2020, Business Wire

Dassault Systèmes Announces the Acquisition of NuoDB
3 December 2020, ARC Viewpoints

SQL Server Transformation Market Size, Industry Trends and Forecast to 2028 | Major Players – Actian Corporation, Oracle, MemSQL, Microsoft, NuoDB, SAP SE – The Courier
18 June 2021, The Courier

NuoDB Releases 4.1 Featuring Analytics & Performance Upgrades for The Banking Industry and Is Recognized as
10 August 2020, GlobeNewswire

Dassault Systèmes acquires NuoDB, a cloud-native distributed SQL database leader
30 November 2020, Design World Network

provided by Google News

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