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DBMS > Dgraph vs. EsgynDB vs. Hive vs. InterSystems IRIS vs. MariaDB

System Properties Comparison Dgraph vs. EsgynDB vs. Hive vs. InterSystems IRIS vs. MariaDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDgraph  Xexclude from comparisonEsgynDB  Xexclude from comparisonHive  Xexclude from comparisonInterSystems IRIS  Xexclude from comparisonMariaDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDistributed and scalable native Graph DBMSEnterprise-class SQL-on-Hadoop solution, powered by Apache Trafodiondata warehouse software for querying and managing large distributed datasets, built on HadoopA containerised multi-model DBMS, interoperability and analytics data platform with wide capabilities for vertical and horizontal scalabilityMySQL application compatible open source RDBMS, enhanced with high availability, security, interoperability and performance capabilities. MariaDB ColumnStore provides a column-oriented storage engine and MariaDB Xpand supports distributed SQL.
Primary database modelGraph DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSDocument store
Key-value store
Object oriented DBMS
Relational DBMS
Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith OQGraph storage engine
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.81
Rank#127  Overall
#10  Graph DBMS
Score0.27
Rank#274  Overall
#127  Relational DBMS
Score85.58
Rank#14  Overall
#9  Relational DBMS
Score1.74
Rank#130  Overall
#21  Document stores
#24  Key-value stores
#2  Object oriented DBMS
#64  Relational DBMS
Score100.70
Rank#12  Overall
#8  Relational DBMS
Websitedgraph.iowww.esgyn.cnhive.apache.orgwww.intersystems.com/­products/­intersystems-irismariadb.com infoSite of MariaDB Corporation
mariadb.org infoSite of MariaDB Foundation
Technical documentationdgraph.io/­docscwiki.apache.org/­confluence/­display/­Hive/­Homedocs.intersystems.com/­irislatest/­csp/­docbook/­DocBook.UI.Page.clsmariadb.com/­kb/­en/­library
DeveloperDgraph Labs, Inc.EsgynApache Software Foundation infoinitially developed by FacebookInterSystemsMariaDB Corporation Ab (MariaDB Enterprise),
MariaDB Foundation (community MariaDB Server) infoThe lead developer Monty Widenius is the original author of MySQL
Initial release20162015201220182009
Current release3.1.2, August 20192021.1, June 202110.6.4, August 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2commercialOpen Source infoGPL version 2, commercial enterprise subscription available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
SkySQL (The Ultimate MariaDB Cloud): The first and only DBaaS to bring the full power of MariaDB Platform to the cloud, combining powerful enterprise features and world-class support with unrivaled ease of use and groundbreaking innovation.
Implementation languageGoC++, JavaJavaC and C++
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
LinuxAll OS with a Java VMAIX
Linux
macOS
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
Solaris
Windows infoColumnStore storage engine not available on Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesyesdepending on used data modelyes infoDynamic columns are supported
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyesyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyesSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyesyes infowith proprietary extensions
APIs and other access methodsGraphQL query language
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
Thrift
JDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBC/ADO.NetC++
Java
PHP
Python
.Net
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Eiffel
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoJava Stored Proceduresyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceyesyes infoPL/SQL compatibility added with version 10.3
Triggersnononoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyesShardingShardingShardingseveral options for horizontal partitioning and Sharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSynchronous replication via RaftMulti-source replication between multi datacentersselectable replication factorSource-replica replicationMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesyes infoquery execution via MapReducenono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesnoyesyes infonot for MyISAM storage engine
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDnoACIDACID infonot for MyISAM storage engine
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes infonot for in-memory storage engine
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes infowith MEMORY storage engine
User concepts infoAccess controlno infoPlanned for future releasesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users, groups and rolesyesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
DgraphEsgynDBHiveInterSystems IRISMariaDB
Specific characteristicsMariaDB is the most powerful open source relational database – modern SQL and JSON...
» more
Competitive advantagesHorizontally scalable transactional graph database with fast arbitrary-depth joins...
» more
MariaDB has many features unavailable in other open source relational databases....
» more
Typical application scenariosWeb, SaaS and Cloud operational/transactional applications that require high availability,...
» more
Key customersDeutsche Bank, DBS Bank, Nasdaq, Red Hat, ServiceNow, Verizon and Walgreens Featured...
» more
Market metricsMariaDB is the default database in the LAMP stack supplied by Red Hat and SUSE Linux,...
» more

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