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DBMS > Dgraph vs. EsgynDB vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. MongoDB

System Properties Comparison Dgraph vs. EsgynDB vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. MongoDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDgraph  Xexclude from comparisonEsgynDB  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Bigtable  Xexclude from comparisonMongoDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDistributed and scalable native Graph DBMSEnterprise-class SQL-on-Hadoop solution, powered by Apache TrafodionGoogle's NoSQL Big Data database service. It's the same database that powers many core Google services, including Search, Analytics, Maps, and Gmail.One of the most popular document stores available both as a fully managed cloud service and for deployment on self-managed infrastructure
Primary database modelGraph DBMSRelational DBMSWide column storeDocument store
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
Search engine infointegrated Lucene index, currently in MongoDB Atlas only.
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.71
Rank#131  Overall
#11  Graph DBMS
Score0.26
Rank#274  Overall
#127  Relational DBMS
Score3.58
Rank#88  Overall
#7  Wide column stores
Score488.22
Rank#5  Overall
#1  Document stores
Websitedgraph.iowww.esgyn.cncloud.google.com/­bigtablewww.mongodb.com
Technical documentationdgraph.io/­docscloud.google.com/­bigtable/­docsdocs.mongodb.com/­manual
DeveloperDgraph Labs, Inc.EsgynGoogleMongoDB, Inc
Initial release2016201520152009
Current release4.4.5, April 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercialcommercialOpen Source infoMongoDB Inc.'s Server Side Public License v1. Prior versions were published under GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses are also available.
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyesno infoMongoDB available as DBaaS (MongoDB Atlas)
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • MongoDB Atlas: the global and fully-managed cloud database service from the makers of MongoDB. Deploy across AWS, Azure, or GCP.
  • ScaleGrid for MongoDB: Fully managed hosting for MongoDB database on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageGoC++, JavaC++
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
LinuxhostedLinux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesschema-freeschema-free infoAlthough schema-free, documents of the same collection often follow the same structure. Optionally impose all or part of a schema by defining a JSON schema.
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesnoyes infostring, integer, double, decimal, boolean, date, object_id, geospatial
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesyesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyesnoRead-only SQL queries via the MongoDB Connector for BI
APIs and other access methodsGraphQL query language
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HappyBase (Python library)
HBase compatible API (Java)
proprietary protocol using JSON
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBC/ADO.NetC#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Actionscript infounofficial driver
C
C#
C++
Clojure infounofficial driver
ColdFusion infounofficial driver
D infounofficial driver
Dart infounofficial driver
Delphi infounofficial driver
Erlang
Go
Groovy infounofficial driver
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp infounofficial driver
Lua infounofficial driver
MatLab infounofficial driver
Perl
PHP
PowerShell infounofficial driver
Prolog infounofficial driver
Python
R infounofficial driver
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Smalltalk infounofficial driver
Swift
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoJava Stored ProceduresnoJavaScript
Triggersnononoyes infoin MongoDB Atlas only
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyesShardingShardingSharding infopartitioned by hashed, ranged, or zoned sharding keys
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSynchronous replication via RaftMulti-source replication between multi datacentersInternal replication in Colossus, and regional replication between two clusters in different zonesMulti-Source deployments with MongoDB Atlas Global Clusters
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesyesyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate consistency (for a single cluster), Eventual consistency (for two or more replicated clusters)Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesnono infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possible
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDAtomic single-row operationsMulti-document ACID Transactions with snapshot isolation
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infooptional
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyes infoIn-memory storage engine introduced with MongoDB version 3.2
User concepts infoAccess controlno infoPlanned for future releasesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)Access rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
DgraphEsgynDBGoogle Cloud BigtableMongoDB
Specific characteristicsMongoDB is the leading modern, general purpose data platform, designed to unleash...
» more
Competitive advantagesHorizontally scalable transactional graph database with fast arbitrary-depth joins...
» more
The MongoDB platform can be used by developers building transactional, operational,...
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things and Time Series (Bosch, Jaguar Land Rover) Mobile (The Weather...
» more
Key customersADP, Adobe, Amadeus, AstraZeneca, Auto Trader, Barclays, BBVA, Bosch, Cisco, CERN,...
» more
Market metrics125 million downloads (growing at more than 30 thousand downloads per day), over...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsMongoDB database server: Server-Side Public License (SSPL) . Commercial licenses...
» more

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More resources
DgraphEsgynDBGoogle Cloud BigtableMongoDB
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