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DBMS > Dgraph vs. EsgynDB vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB

System Properties Comparison Dgraph vs. EsgynDB vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDgraph  Xexclude from comparisonEsgynDB  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Bigtable  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDistributed and scalable native Graph DBMSEnterprise-class SQL-on-Hadoop solution, powered by Apache TrafodionGoogle's NoSQL Big Data database service. It's the same database that powers many core Google services, including Search, Analytics, Maps, and Gmail.Globally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database service
Primary database modelGraph DBMSRelational DBMSWide column storeDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.71
Rank#131  Overall
#11  Graph DBMS
Score0.26
Rank#274  Overall
#127  Relational DBMS
Score3.58
Rank#88  Overall
#7  Wide column stores
Score36.47
Rank#25  Overall
#3  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Websitedgraph.iowww.esgyn.cncloud.google.com/­bigtableazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-db
Technical documentationdgraph.io/­docscloud.google.com/­bigtable/­docsdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­cosmos-db
DeveloperDgraph Labs, Inc.EsgynGoogleMicrosoft
Initial release2016201520152014
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercialcommercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyesyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageGoC++, Java
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
Linuxhostedhosted
Data schemeschema-freeyesschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesnoyes infoJSON types
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesyesnoyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by default
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyesnoSQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsGraphQL query language
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HappyBase (Python library)
HBase compatible API (Java)
DocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBC/ADO.NetC#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoJava Stored ProceduresnoJavaScript
TriggersnononoJavaScript
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyesShardingShardingSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud service
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSynchronous replication via RaftMulti-source replication between multi datacentersInternal replication in Colossus, and regional replication between two clusters in different zonesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud service
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesyeswith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate consistency (for a single cluster), Eventual consistency (for two or more replicated clusters)Bounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesnono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDAtomic single-row operationsMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partition
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlno infoPlanned for future releasesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)Access rights can be defined down to the item level
More information provided by the system vendor
DgraphEsgynDBGoogle Cloud BigtableMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB
Competitive advantagesHorizontally scalable transactional graph database with fast arbitrary-depth joins...
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More resources
DgraphEsgynDBGoogle Cloud BigtableMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB
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