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DBMS > Dgraph vs. EsgynDB vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. IBM Db2 vs. Oracle Berkeley DB

System Properties Comparison Dgraph vs. EsgynDB vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. IBM Db2 vs. Oracle Berkeley DB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDgraph  Xexclude from comparisonEsgynDB  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Bigtable  Xexclude from comparisonIBM Db2 infoformerly named DB2 or IBM Database 2  Xexclude from comparisonOracle Berkeley DB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDistributed and scalable native Graph DBMSEnterprise-class SQL-on-Hadoop solution, powered by Apache TrafodionGoogle's NoSQL Big Data database service. It's the same database that powers many core Google services, including Search, Analytics, Maps, and Gmail.Common in IBM host environments, 2 different versions for host and Windows/LinuxWidely used in-process key-value store
Primary database modelGraph DBMSRelational DBMSWide column storeRelational DBMS infoSince Version 10.5 support for JSON/BSON documents compatible with MongoDBKey-value store infosupports sorted and unsorted key sets
Native XML DBMS infoin the Oracle Berkeley DB XML version
Secondary database modelsDocument store
RDF store infoin Db2 LUW (Linux, Unix, Windows)
Spatial DBMS infowith Db2 Spatial Extender
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.81
Rank#127  Overall
#10  Graph DBMS
Score0.27
Rank#274  Overall
#127  Relational DBMS
Score3.98
Rank#85  Overall
#6  Wide column stores
Score166.56
Rank#7  Overall
#5  Relational DBMS
Score2.91
Rank#99  Overall
#18  Key-value stores
#3  Native XML DBMS
Websitedgraph.iowww.esgyn.cncloud.google.com/­bigtablewww.ibm.com/­analytics/­db2www.oracle.com/­technetwork/­database/­database-technologies/­berkeleydb/­overview/­index.html
Technical documentationdgraph.io/­docscloud.google.com/­bigtable/­docswww.ibm.com/­support/­knowledgecenter/­SSEPGGdocs.oracle.com/­cd/­E17076_05/­html/­index.html
DeveloperDgraph Labs, Inc.EsgynGoogleIBMOracle infooriginally developed by Sleepycat, which was acquired by Oracle
Initial release2016201520151983 infohost version1994
Current release12.1, October 201618.1.40, May 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercialcommercialcommercial infofree version is availableOpen Source infocommercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageGoC++, JavaC and C++C, Java, C++ (depending on the Berkeley DB edition)
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
LinuxhostedAIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
AIX
Android
FreeBSD
iOS
Linux
OS X
Solaris
VxWorks
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesschema-freeyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesnoyesno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononoyes infoonly with the Berkeley DB XML edition
Secondary indexesyesyesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyesnoyesyes infoSQL interfaced based on SQLite is available
APIs and other access methodsGraphQL query language
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HappyBase (Python library)
HBase compatible API (Java)
ADO.NET
JDBC
JSON style queries infoMongoDB compatible
ODBC
XQuery
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBC/ADO.NetC#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C
C#
C++
Cobol
Delphi
Fortran
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Visual Basic
.Net infoFigaro is a .Net framework assembly that extends Berkeley DB XML into an embeddable database engine for .NET
others infoThird-party libraries to manipulate Berkeley DB files are available for many languages
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js) info3rd party binding
Perl
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoJava Stored Proceduresnoyesno
Triggersnononoyesyes infoonly for the SQL API
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyesShardingShardingSharding infoonly with Windows/Unix/Linux Versionnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSynchronous replication via RaftMulti-source replication between multi datacentersInternal replication in Colossus, and regional replication between two clusters in different zonesyes infowith separate tools (MQ, InfoSphere)Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate consistency (for a single cluster), Eventual consistency (for two or more replicated clusters)
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesnoyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDAtomic single-row operationsACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlno infoPlanned for future releasesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardno
More information provided by the system vendor
DgraphEsgynDBGoogle Cloud BigtableIBM Db2 infoformerly named DB2 or IBM Database 2Oracle Berkeley DB
Competitive advantagesHorizontally scalable transactional graph database with fast arbitrary-depth joins...
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More resources
DgraphEsgynDBGoogle Cloud BigtableIBM Db2 infoformerly named DB2 or IBM Database 2Oracle Berkeley DB
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