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DBMS > Dgraph vs. EsgynDB vs. FoundationDB vs. SQLite

System Properties Comparison Dgraph vs. EsgynDB vs. FoundationDB vs. SQLite

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDgraph  Xexclude from comparisonEsgynDB  Xexclude from comparisonFoundationDB  Xexclude from comparisonSQLite  Xexclude from comparison
Created as commercial project in 2013, FoundationDB has been acquired by Apple in March 2015 and was withdrawn from the market. As a consequence, the product was removed from the DB-Engines ranking. In April 2018, Apple open-sourced FoundationDB and it therefore reappears in the ranking.
DescriptionDistributed and scalable native Graph DBMSEnterprise-class SQL-on-Hadoop solution, powered by Apache TrafodionOrdered key-value store. Core features are complimented by layers.Widely used embeddable, in-process RDBMS
Primary database modelGraph DBMSRelational DBMSDocument store infosupported via specific layer
Key-value store
Relational DBMS infosupported via specific SQL-layer
Relational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.74
Rank#129  Overall
#11  Graph DBMS
Score0.24
Rank#279  Overall
#128  Relational DBMS
Score1.35
Rank#146  Overall
#24  Document stores
#28  Key-value stores
#72  Relational DBMS
Score129.37
Rank#9  Overall
#6  Relational DBMS
Websitedgraph.iowww.esgyn.cnwww.foundationdb.orgwww.sqlite.org
Technical documentationdgraph.io/­docsapple.github.io/­foundationdbwww.sqlite.org/­docs.html
DeveloperDgraph Labs, Inc.EsgynFoundationDBDwayne Richard Hipp
Initial release2016201520132000
Current release6.2.28, November 20203.36.0  (18 June 2021), June 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoPublic Domain
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageGoC++, JavaC++C
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
LinuxLinux
OS X
Windows
server-less
Data schemeschema-freeyesschema-free infosome layers support schemasyes infodynamic column types
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesno infosome layers support typingyes infonot rigid because of 'dynamic typing' concept.
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesyesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyessupported in specific SQL layer onlyyes infoSQL-92 is not fully supported
APIs and other access methodsGraphQL query language
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET infoinofficial driver
JDBC infoinofficial driver
ODBC infoinofficial driver
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBC/ADO.Net.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Swift
Actionscript
Ada
Basic
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Forth
Fortran
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoJava Stored Proceduresin SQL-layer onlyno
Triggersnononoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyesShardingShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSynchronous replication via RaftMulti-source replication between multi datacentersyesnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyLinearizable consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesin SQL-layer onlyyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes infovia file-system locks
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlno infoPlanned for future releasesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnono
More information provided by the system vendor
DgraphEsgynDBFoundationDBSQLite
Competitive advantagesHorizontally scalable transactional graph database with fast arbitrary-depth joins...
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3rd partiesNavicat for SQLite is a powerful and comprehensive SQLite GUI that provides a complete set of functions for database management and development.
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More resources
DgraphEsgynDBFoundationDBSQLite
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