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DBMS > Dgraph vs. EsgynDB vs. FoundationDB vs. NuoDB vs. Titan

System Properties Comparison Dgraph vs. EsgynDB vs. FoundationDB vs. NuoDB vs. Titan

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDgraph  Xexclude from comparisonEsgynDB  Xexclude from comparisonFoundationDB  Xexclude from comparisonNuoDB  Xexclude from comparisonTitan  Xexclude from comparison
Created as commercial project in 2013, FoundationDB has been acquired by Apple in March 2015 and was withdrawn from the market. As a consequence, the product was removed from the DB-Engines ranking. In April 2018, Apple open-sourced FoundationDB and it therefore reappears in the ranking.Titan has been decommisioned after the takeover by Datastax. It will be removed from the DB-Engines ranking. A fork has been open-sourced as JanusGraph.
DescriptionDistributed and scalable native Graph DBMSEnterprise-class SQL-on-Hadoop solution, powered by Apache TrafodionOrdered key-value store. Core features are complimented by layers.NuoDB is a webscale distributed database that supports SQL and ACID transactionsTitan is a Graph DBMS optimized for distributed clusters.
Primary database modelGraph DBMSRelational DBMSDocument store infosupported via specific layer
Key-value store
Relational DBMS infosupported via specific SQL-layer
Relational DBMSGraph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.81
Rank#127  Overall
#10  Graph DBMS
Score0.27
Rank#274  Overall
#127  Relational DBMS
Score1.32
Rank#150  Overall
#25  Document stores
#28  Key-value stores
#73  Relational DBMS
Score1.10
Rank#167  Overall
#84  Relational DBMS
Websitedgraph.iowww.esgyn.cnwww.foundationdb.orgnuodb.comtitan.thinkaurelius.com
Technical documentationdgraph.io/­docsapple.github.io/­foundationdbdoc.nuodb.comgithub.com/­thinkaurelius/­titan/­wiki
DeveloperDgraph Labs, Inc.EsgynFoundationDBNuoDB, Inc.Aurelius, owned by DataStax
Initial release20162015201320132012
Current release6.2.28, November 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercial infolimited edition freeOpen Source infoApache license, version 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageGoC++, JavaC++C++Java
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
LinuxLinux
OS X
Windows
hosted infoAmazon EC2, Windows Azure, SoftLayer
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Unix
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesschema-free infosome layers support schemasyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesno infosome layers support typingyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesyesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyessupported in specific SQL layer onlyyesno
APIs and other access methodsGraphQL query language
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Java API
TinkerPop Blueprints
TinkerPop Frames
TinkerPop Gremlin
TinkerPop Rexster
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBC/ADO.Net.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Swift
.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Clojure
Java
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoJava Stored Proceduresin SQL-layer onlyJava, SQLyes
Triggersnononoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyesShardingShardingdata is dynamically stored/cached on the nodes where it is read/writtenyes infovia pluggable storage backends
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSynchronous replication via RaftMulti-source replication between multi datacentersyesyes infoManaged transparently by NuoDByes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesnonoyes infovia Faunus, a graph analytics engine
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyLinearizable consistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesin SQL-layer onlyyesyes infoRelationships in graph
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACID infotunable commit protocolACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes infoMVCCyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes infoSupports various storage backends: Cassandra, HBase, Berkeley DB, Akiban, Hazelcast
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infoTemporary table
User concepts infoAccess controlno infoPlanned for future releasesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnoStandard SQL roles/ privileges, Administrative UsersUser authentification and security via Rexster Graph Server
More information provided by the system vendor
DgraphEsgynDBFoundationDBNuoDBTitan
Competitive advantagesHorizontally scalable transactional graph database with fast arbitrary-depth joins...
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More resources
DgraphEsgynDBFoundationDBNuoDBTitan
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