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DBMS > Dgraph vs. EsgynDB vs. EventStoreDB vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. Google Cloud Datastore

System Properties Comparison Dgraph vs. EsgynDB vs. EventStoreDB vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. Google Cloud Datastore

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDgraph  Xexclude from comparisonEsgynDB  Xexclude from comparisonEventStoreDB  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Bigtable  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Datastore  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDistributed and scalable native Graph DBMSEnterprise-class SQL-on-Hadoop solution, powered by Apache TrafodionIndustrial-strength, open-source database solution built from the ground up for event sourcing.Google's NoSQL Big Data database service. It's the same database that powers many core Google services, including Search, Analytics, Maps, and Gmail.Automatically scaling NoSQL Database as a Service (DBaaS) on the Google Cloud Platform
Primary database modelGraph DBMSRelational DBMSEvent StoreWide column storeDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.81
Rank#127  Overall
#10  Graph DBMS
Score0.27
Rank#274  Overall
#127  Relational DBMS
Score0.87
Rank#189  Overall
#1  Event Stores
Score3.98
Rank#85  Overall
#6  Wide column stores
Score4.38
Rank#80  Overall
#12  Document stores
Websitedgraph.iowww.esgyn.cnwww.eventstore.comcloud.google.com/­bigtablecloud.google.com/­datastore
Technical documentationdgraph.io/­docsdevelopers.eventstore.comcloud.google.com/­bigtable/­docscloud.google.com/­datastore/­docs
DeveloperDgraph Labs, Inc.EsgynEvent Store LimitedGoogleGoogle
Initial release20162015201220152008
Current release21.2, February 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercialOpen Sourcecommercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononoyesyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Event Store Cloud allows you to deploy a managed EventStoreDB cluster in AWS, GCP and Azure (coming soon).
Implementation languageGoC++, Java
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
LinuxLinux
Windows
hostedhosted
Data schemeschema-freeyesschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesnoyes, details here
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononono
Secondary indexesyesyesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyesnoSQL-like query language (GQL)
APIs and other access methodsGraphQL query language
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HappyBase (Python library)
HBase compatible API (Java)
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBC/ADO.NetC#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
.Net
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoJava Stored Proceduresnousing Google App Engine
TriggersnononoCallbacks using the Google Apps Engine
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyesShardingShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSynchronous replication via RaftMulti-source replication between multi datacentersInternal replication in Colossus, and regional replication between two clusters in different zonesMulti-source replication using Paxos
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesyesyes infousing Google Cloud Dataflow
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate consistency (for a single cluster), Eventual consistency (for two or more replicated clusters)Immediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on type of query and configuration infoStrong Consistency is default for entity lookups and queries within an Entity Group (but can instead be made eventually consistent). Other queries are always eventual consistent.
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesnoyes infovia ReferenceProperties or Ancestor paths
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDAtomic single-row operationsACID infoSerializable Isolation within Transactions, Read Committed outside of Transactions
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonono
User concepts infoAccess controlno infoPlanned for future releasesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)Access rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)
More information provided by the system vendor
DgraphEsgynDBEventStoreDBGoogle Cloud BigtableGoogle Cloud Datastore
Specific characteristicsGuaranteed writes Great performance that scales Immutable data store High availability...
» more
Competitive advantagesHorizontally scalable transactional graph database with fast arbitrary-depth joins...
» more
EventStoreDB's core database server is used in production systems worldwide. The...
» more
Typical application scenariosEvent-sourced systems Event-driven architecture
» more
Key customersEventStoreDB is used by companies across a whole range of industries. Here are just...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsAvailable as open-source software and licensed under the 3-clause BSD license ( https://github.com/EventStore/EventStore/blob/master/LICENSE.md...
» more

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More resources
DgraphEsgynDBEventStoreDBGoogle Cloud BigtableGoogle Cloud Datastore
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