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DBMS > Dgraph vs. Elasticsearch vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. SAP SQL Anywhere

System Properties Comparison Dgraph vs. Elasticsearch vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. SAP SQL Anywhere

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDgraph  Xexclude from comparisonElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonSAP SQL Anywhere infoformerly called Adaptive Server Anywhere  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDistributed and scalable native Graph DBMSA distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSRDBMS database and synchronization technologies for server, desktop, remote office, and mobile environments
Primary database modelGraph DBMSSearch engineRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.81
Rank#127  Overall
#10  Graph DBMS
Score160.24
Rank#8  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score970.85
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score5.83
Rank#62  Overall
#34  Relational DBMS
Websitedgraph.iowww.elastic.co/­elasticsearchwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.sap.com/­products/­sql-anywhere.html
Technical documentationdgraph.io/­docswww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmldocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverhelp.sap.com/­sql-anywhere
DeveloperDgraph Labs, Inc.ElasticMicrosoftSAP infoformerly Sybase
Initial release2016201019891992
Current release7.8.0, June 2020SQL Server 2019, November 201917, July 2015
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoApache Version 2; Elastic Licensecommercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageGoJavaC++
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
All OS with a Java VMLinux
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyesyes
Secondary indexesyesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL-like query languageyesyes
APIs and other access methodsGraphQL query language
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HTTP API
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
ADO.NET
HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
C
C#
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyesTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javayes, in C/C++, Java, .Net or Perl
Triggersnoyes infoby using the 'percolation' featureyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyesShardingtables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSynchronous replication via Raftyesyes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionSource-replica replication infoDatabase mirroring
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoES-Hadoop Connectornono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.Memcached and Redis integrationyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlno infoPlanned for future releasesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
DgraphElasticsearchMicrosoft SQL ServerSAP SQL Anywhere infoformerly called Adaptive Server Anywhere
Competitive advantagesHorizontally scalable transactional graph database with fast arbitrary-depth joins...
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DgraphElasticsearchMicrosoft SQL ServerSAP SQL Anywhere infoformerly called Adaptive Server Anywhere
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