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DBMS > Dgraph vs. Elasticsearch vs. Ignite vs. NuoDB

System Properties Comparison Dgraph vs. Elasticsearch vs. Ignite vs. NuoDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDgraph  Xexclude from comparisonElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonIgnite  Xexclude from comparisonNuoDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDistributed and scalable native Graph DBMSA distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricApache Ignite is a memory-centric distributed database, caching, and processing platform for transactional, analytical, and streaming workloads, delivering in-memory speeds at petabyte scale.NuoDB is a webscale distributed database that supports SQL and ACID transactions
Primary database modelGraph DBMSSearch engineKey-value store
Relational DBMS
Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.54
Rank#143  Overall
#11  Graph DBMS
Score157.69
Rank#8  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score7.09
Rank#60  Overall
#7  Key-value stores
#35  Relational DBMS
Score0.97
Rank#179  Overall
#87  Relational DBMS
Websitedgraph.iowww.elastic.co/­elasticsearchignite.apache.orgnuodb.com
Technical documentationdgraph.io/­docswww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmlapacheignite.readme.io/­docsdoc.nuodb.com
DeveloperDgraph Labs, Inc.ElasticApache Software FoundationNuoDB, Inc.
Initial release2016201020152013
Current release7.8.0, June 2020Apache Ignite 2.6
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoElastic LicenseOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercial infolimited edition free
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageGoJavaC++, Java, .NetC++
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
All OS with a Java VMLinux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
hosted infoAmazon EC2, Windows Azure, SoftLayer
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyesno
Secondary indexesyesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL-like query languageANSI-99 for query and DML statements, subset of DDLyes
APIs and other access methodsGraphQL query language
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HTTP API
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
HDFS API
Hibernate
JCache
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
C#
C++
Java
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyesyes (compute grid and cache interceptors can be used instead)Java, SQL
Triggersnoyes infoby using the 'percolation' featureyes (cache interceptors and events)yes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyesShardingShardingdata is dynamically stored/cached on the nodes where it is read/written
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSynchronous replication via Raftyesyes (replicated cache)yes infoManaged transparently by NuoDB
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoES-Hadoop Connectoryes (compute grid and hadoop accelerator)no
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynononoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACIDACID infotunable commit protocol
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes infoMVCC
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.Memcached and Redis integrationyesyes infoTemporary table
User concepts infoAccess controlno infoPlanned for future releasesSecurity Hooks for custom implementationsStandard SQL roles/ privileges, Administrative Users

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More resources
DgraphElasticsearchIgniteNuoDB
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