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DBMS > Dgraph vs. Elasticsearch vs. EsgynDB vs. SAP HANA

System Properties Comparison Dgraph vs. Elasticsearch vs. EsgynDB vs. SAP HANA

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDgraph  Xexclude from comparisonElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonEsgynDB  Xexclude from comparisonSAP HANA  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDistributed and scalable native Graph DBMSA distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricEnterprise-class SQL-on-Hadoop solution, powered by Apache TrafodionIn-memory, column based data store. Available as appliance or cloud service
Primary database modelGraph DBMSSearch engineRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS infowith SAP Hana, Enterprise Edition
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.54
Rank#143  Overall
#11  Graph DBMS
Score157.69
Rank#8  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score0.21
Rank#288  Overall
#134  Relational DBMS
Score55.09
Rank#21  Overall
#13  Relational DBMS
Websitedgraph.iowww.elastic.co/­elasticsearchwww.esgyn.cnwww.sap.com/­products/­hana.html
Technical documentationdgraph.io/­docswww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmlhelp.sap.com/­hana
DeveloperDgraph Labs, Inc.ElasticEsgynSAP
Initial release2016201020152010
Current release7.8.0, June 20202.0 SPS05 (June 26, 2020), June 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoElastic Licensecommercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono infoalso available as a cloud based service
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageGoJavaC++, Java
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
All OS with a Java VMLinuxAppliance or cloud-service
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononono
Secondary indexesyesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL-like query languageyesyes
APIs and other access methodsGraphQL query language
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HTTP API
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBC/ADO.Net
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyesJava Stored ProceduresSQLScript, R
Triggersnoyes infoby using the 'percolation' featurenoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyesShardingShardingyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSynchronous replication via RaftyesMulti-source replication between multi datacentersyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoES-Hadoop Connectoryesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.Memcached and Redis integrationnoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlno infoPlanned for future releasesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyes

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More resources
DgraphElasticsearchEsgynDBSAP HANA
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