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DBMS > Dgraph vs. DuckDB vs. Microsoft Azure Table Storage vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. SAP SQL Anywhere

System Properties Comparison Dgraph vs. DuckDB vs. Microsoft Azure Table Storage vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. SAP SQL Anywhere

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDgraph  Xexclude from comparisonDuckDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Table Storage  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonSAP SQL Anywhere infoformerly called Adaptive Server Anywhere  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDistributed and scalable native Graph DBMSAn embeddable, in-process, column-oriented SQL OLAP RDBMSA Wide Column Store for rapid development using massive semi-structured datasetsMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSRDBMS database and synchronization technologies for server, desktop, remote office, and mobile environments
Primary database modelGraph DBMSRelational DBMSWide column storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.58
Rank#138  Overall
#11  Graph DBMS
Score0.22
Rank#286  Overall
#133  Relational DBMS
Score5.28
Rank#71  Overall
#5  Wide column stores
Score954.02
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score5.53
Rank#70  Overall
#38  Relational DBMS
Websitedgraph.ioduckdb.orgazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­storage/­tableswww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.sap.com/­products/­sql-anywhere.html
Technical documentationdgraph.io/­docsduckdb.org/­docsdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverhelp.sap.com/­sql-anywhere
DeveloperDgraph Labs, Inc.MicrosoftMicrosoftSAP infoformerly Sybase
Initial release20162018201219891992
Current release0.2, August 2020SQL Server 2019, November 201917, July 2015
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoMIT Licensecommercialcommercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageGoC++C++
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
server-lesshostedLinux
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononoyesyes
Secondary indexesyesyesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyesnoyesyes
APIs and other access methodsGraphQL query language
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HTTP API
CLI Client
JDBC
RESTful HTTP APIADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
ADO.NET
HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
C
C++
Go info3rd party driver
Java
Python
R
Ruby info3rd party driver
.Net
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
C
C#
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnononoTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javayes, in C/C++, Java, .Net or Perl
Triggersnononoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyesnoneSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicetables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSynchronous replication via Raftnoneyes infoimplicit feature of the cloud service. Replication either local, cross-facility or geo-redundant.yes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionSource-replica replication infoDatabase mirroring
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynononoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDoptimistic lockingACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnoyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlno infoPlanned for future releasesnoAccess rights based on private key authentication or shared access signaturesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
DgraphDuckDBMicrosoft Azure Table StorageMicrosoft SQL ServerSAP SQL Anywhere infoformerly called Adaptive Server Anywhere
Competitive advantagesHorizontally scalable transactional graph database with fast arbitrary-depth joins...
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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
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