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DBMS > Dgraph vs. DuckDB vs. EsgynDB vs. Google Cloud Bigtable

System Properties Comparison Dgraph vs. DuckDB vs. EsgynDB vs. Google Cloud Bigtable

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDgraph  Xexclude from comparisonDuckDB  Xexclude from comparisonEsgynDB  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Bigtable  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDistributed and scalable native Graph DBMSAn embeddable, in-process, column-oriented SQL OLAP RDBMSEnterprise-class SQL-on-Hadoop solution, powered by Apache TrafodionGoogle's NoSQL Big Data database service. It's the same database that powers many core Google services, including Search, Analytics, Maps, and Gmail.
Primary database modelGraph DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSWide column store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.71
Rank#131  Overall
#11  Graph DBMS
Score0.20
Rank#286  Overall
#131  Relational DBMS
Score0.26
Rank#274  Overall
#127  Relational DBMS
Score3.58
Rank#88  Overall
#7  Wide column stores
Websitedgraph.ioduckdb.orgwww.esgyn.cncloud.google.com/­bigtable
Technical documentationdgraph.io/­docsduckdb.org/­docscloud.google.com/­bigtable/­docs
DeveloperDgraph Labs, Inc.EsgynGoogle
Initial release2016201820152015
Current release0.2, August 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoMIT Licensecommercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageGoC++C++, Java
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
server-lessLinuxhosted
Data schemeschema-freeyesyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononono
Secondary indexesyesyesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyesyesno
APIs and other access methodsGraphQL query language
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HTTP API
CLI Client
JDBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HappyBase (Python library)
HBase compatible API (Java)
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
C
C++
Go info3rd party driver
Java
Python
R
Ruby info3rd party driver
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBC/ADO.NetC#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonoJava Stored Proceduresno
Triggersnononono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyesnoneShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSynchronous replication via RaftnoneMulti-source replication between multi datacentersInternal replication in Colossus, and regional replication between two clusters in different zones
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyesyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate consistency (for a single cluster), Eventual consistency (for two or more replicated clusters)
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDAtomic single-row operations
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnono
User concepts infoAccess controlno infoPlanned for future releasesnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)
More information provided by the system vendor
DgraphDuckDBEsgynDBGoogle Cloud Bigtable
Competitive advantagesHorizontally scalable transactional graph database with fast arbitrary-depth joins...
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More resources
DgraphDuckDBEsgynDBGoogle Cloud Bigtable
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