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DBMS > Derby vs. SAP IQ vs. Spark SQL vs. TiDB vs. Transbase

System Properties Comparison Derby vs. SAP IQ vs. Spark SQL vs. TiDB vs. Transbase

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDerby infooften called Apache Derby, originally IBM Cloudscape; contained in the Java SDK as JavaDB  Xexclude from comparisonSAP IQ infoformer name: Sybase IQ  Xexclude from comparisonSpark SQL  Xexclude from comparisonTiDB  Xexclude from comparisonTransbase  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFull-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.Columnar RDBMS optimized for Big Data analyticsSpark SQL is a component on top of 'Spark Core' for structured data processingTiDB is an open source distributed Hybrid Transactional/Analytical Processing (HTAP) database that supports MySQL and Spark SQL syntaxes.A resource-optimized, high-performance, universally applicable RDBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infocolumn-orientedRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.97
Rank#74  Overall
#41  Relational DBMS
Score4.86
Rank#75  Overall
#42  Relational DBMS
Score22.94
Rank#34  Overall
#20  Relational DBMS
Score3.26
Rank#95  Overall
#51  Relational DBMS
Score0.08
Rank#310  Overall
#139  Relational DBMS
Websitedb.apache.org/­derbywww.sap.com/­products/­sybase-iq-big-data-management.htmlspark.apache.org/­sqlpingcap.comwww.transaction.de/­en/­solutions/­transbase-resource-optimized-high-performance-database
Technical documentationdb.apache.org/­derby/­manuals/­index.htmlhelp.sap.com/­iqspark.apache.org/­docs/­latest/­sql-programming-guide.htmldocs.pingcap.com/­tidb/­stablewww.transaction.de/­en/­transbase-inside
DeveloperApache Software FoundationSAP, formerly SybaseApache Software FoundationPingCAP, Inc.Transaction Software GmbH
Initial release19971994201420161987
Current release10.15.2.0, March 202016.1 SPS04, April 20193.2.0, October 20215.0.1, April 2021Transbase 8.4, September 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2commercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoApache 2.0commercial infofree development license
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
TiDB Cloud: Fully-managed TiDB Service. Bring everything great about TiDB to the cloud.
Implementation languageJavaScalaGo, RustC and C++
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMAIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
LinuxFreeBSD
Linux
macOS
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnononono
Secondary indexesyesyesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyesSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyesyes
APIs and other access methodsJDBCADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
Supported programming languagesJavaC
C#
C++
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Java
Python
R
Scala
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript
Kotlin
Objective-C
PHP
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJava Stored Proceduresyesnonoyes
Triggersyesyesnonoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneshared disk or shared nothing architectures with SAP IQ Multiplexeryes, utilizing Spark Corehorizontal partitioning (by key range)
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replicationSAP/Sybase Replication ServernoneUsing Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoHadoop integrationyes infowith TiSpark Connectorno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesnono infocurrently only supported in syntaxyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDnoACIDyes
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnononono
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnoUsers with fine-grained authorization concept. No user groups or roles.fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
Derby infooften called Apache Derby, originally IBM Cloudscape; contained in the Java SDK as JavaDBSAP IQ infoformer name: Sybase IQSpark SQLTiDBTransbase
Specific characteristicsTiDB is an open-source NewSQL database built by PingCAP. TiDB supports Hybrid Transactional...
» more
Competitive advantagesIn the current database landscape, infrastructure engineers often have to use one...
» more
Typical application scenariosTiDB is designed to support both OLTP and OLAP scenarios. You can use TiDB , the...
» more
Key customersShopee (E-commerce) BookMyShow.com (E-commerce) Yiguo.com (E-commerce) JD Cloud &...
» more
Market metrics25K+ GitHub Stars for TiDB, and 8K+ GitHub Stars for TiKV 1.6K+ members in TiDB Community...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOpen Source Apache 2.0 with either commercial licensing or fully-hosted DB-as-a-service...
» more

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More resources
Derby infooften called Apache Derby, originally IBM Cloudscape; contained in the Java SDK as JavaDBSAP IQ infoformer name: Sybase IQSpark SQLTiDBTransbase
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