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DBMS > Derby vs. PostgreSQL vs. YottaDB

System Properties Comparison Derby vs. PostgreSQL vs. YottaDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDerby infooften called Apache Derby, originally IBM Cloudscape; contained in the Java SDK as JavaDB  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparisonYottaDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFull-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.Widely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQLA fast and solid embedded Key-value store
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.Key-value store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Apache Age
Spatial DBMS
Vector DBMS infowith pgvector extension
Relational DBMS infousing the Octo plugin
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.60
Rank#70  Overall
#38  Relational DBMS
Score636.25
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Score0.28
Rank#306  Overall
#44  Key-value stores
Websitedb.apache.org/­derbywww.postgresql.orgyottadb.com
Technical documentationdb.apache.org/­derby/­manuals/­index.htmlwww.postgresql.org/­docsyottadb.com/­resources/­documentation
DeveloperApache Software FoundationPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developerYottaDB, LLC
Initial release19971989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL2001
Current release10.17.1.0, November 202316.3, May 2024
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoBSDOpen Source infoAGPL 3.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaCC
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMFreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Docker
Linux
Data schemeyesyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.no
Secondary indexesyesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyes infostandard with numerous extensionsby using the Octo plugin
APIs and other access methodsJDBCADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
PostgreSQL wire protocol infousing the Octo plugin
Proprietary protocol
Supported programming languagesJava.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
C
Go
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lua
M
Perl
Python
Rust
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJava Stored Proceduresuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
Triggersyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonepartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replicationSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDoptimistic locking
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers and groups based on OS-security mechanisms

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More resources
Derby infooften called Apache Derby, originally IBM Cloudscape; contained in the Java SDK as JavaDBPostgreSQLYottaDB
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