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DBMS > Derby vs. Oracle Berkeley DB vs. Spark SQL vs. TerarkDB

System Properties Comparison Derby vs. Oracle Berkeley DB vs. Spark SQL vs. TerarkDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDerby infooften called Apache Derby, originally IBM Cloudscape; contained in the Java SDK as JavaDB  Xexclude from comparisonOracle Berkeley DB  Xexclude from comparisonSpark SQL  Xexclude from comparisonTerarkDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFull-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.Widely used in-process key-value storeSpark SQL is a component on top of 'Spark Core' for structured data processingA key-value store forked from RocksDB with advanced compression algorithms. It can be used standalone or as a storage engine for MySQL and MongoDB
Primary database modelRelational DBMSKey-value store infosupports sorted and unsorted key sets
Native XML DBMS infoin the Oracle Berkeley DB XML version
Relational DBMSKey-value store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score5.17
Rank#78  Overall
#42  Relational DBMS
Score2.77
Rank#109  Overall
#20  Key-value stores
#3  Native XML DBMS
Score22.86
Rank#35  Overall
#21  Relational DBMS
Score0.00
Rank#354  Overall
#54  Key-value stores
Websitedb.apache.org/­derbywww.oracle.com/­technetwork/­database/­database-technologies/­berkeleydb/­overview/­index.htmlspark.apache.org/­sqlgithub.com/­Terark/­terarkdb
Technical documentationdb.apache.org/­derby/­manuals/­index.htmldocs.oracle.com/­cd/­E17076_05/­html/­index.htmlspark.apache.org/­docs/­latest/­sql-programming-guide.htmlgithub.com/­Terark/­terarkdb/­wiki
DeveloperApache Software FoundationOracle infooriginally developed by Sleepycat, which was acquired by OracleApache Software FoundationTerark
Initial release1997199420142016
Current release10.15.2.0, March 202018.1.40, May 20203.2.0, October 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infocommercial license availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercial inforestricted open source version available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaC, Java, C++ (depending on the Berkeley DB edition)ScalaC++
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMAIX
Android
FreeBSD
iOS
Linux
OS X
Solaris
VxWorks
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-freeyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyesno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyes infoonly with the Berkeley DB XML editionnono
Secondary indexesyesyesnono
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyes infoSQL interfaced based on SQLite is availableSQL-like DML and DDL statementsno
APIs and other access methodsJDBCJDBC
ODBC
C++ API
Java API
Supported programming languagesJava.Net infoFigaro is a .Net framework assembly that extends Berkeley DB XML into an embeddable database engine for .NET
others infoThird-party libraries to manipulate Berkeley DB files are available for many languages
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js) info3rd party binding
Perl
Python
Tcl
Java
Python
R
Scala
C++
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJava Stored Proceduresnonono
Triggersyesyes infoonly for the SQL APInono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenoneyes, utilizing Spark Corenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replicationSource-replica replicationnonenone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDnono
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesnoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnonono

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More resources
Derby infooften called Apache Derby, originally IBM Cloudscape; contained in the Java SDK as JavaDBOracle Berkeley DBSpark SQLTerarkDB
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