DBMS > Derby vs. Oracle vs. TempoIQ
System Properties Comparison Derby vs. Oracle vs. TempoIQ
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|Editorial information provided by DB-Engines|
|Name||Derby often called Apache Derby, originally IBM Cloudscape; contained in the Java SDK as JavaDB Xexclude from comparison||Oracle Xexclude from comparison||TempoIQ formerly TempoDB Xexclude from comparison|
|TempoIQ seems to be decommissioned. It will be removed from the DB-Engines ranking.|
|Description||Full-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.||Widely used RDBMS||Scalable analytics DBMS for sensor data, provided as a service (SaaS)|
|Primary database model||Relational DBMS||Relational DBMS||Time Series DBMS|
|Secondary database models||Document store|
Graph DBMS with Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store with Oracle Spatial and Graph
Spatial DBMS with Oracle Spatial and Graph
|Developer||Apache Software Foundation||Oracle||TempoIQ|
|Current release||10.16.1.1, May 2022||21c, January 2021|
|License Commercial or Open Source||Open Source Apache version 2||commercial restricted free version is available||commercial|
|Cloud-based only Only available as a cloud service||no||no||yes|
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|Implementation language||Java||C and C++|
|Server operating systems||All OS with a Java VM||AIX|
|Data scheme||yes||yes Schemaless in JSON and XML columns||schema-free|
|Typing predefined data types such as float or date||yes||yes||yes|
|XML support Some form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.||yes||yes||no|
|SQL Support of SQL||yes||yes with proprietary extensions||no|
|APIs and other access methods||JDBC||JDBC|
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
|Supported programming languages||Java||C|
|Server-side scripts Stored procedures||Java Stored Procedures||PL/SQL also stored procedures in Java possible||no|
|Triggers||yes||yes||yes Realtime Alerts|
|Partitioning methods Methods for storing different data on different nodes||none||Sharding, horizontal partitioning|
|Replication methods Methods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodes||Source-replica replication||Multi-source replication|
|MapReduce Offers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methods||no||no can be realized in PL/SQL||no|
|Consistency concepts Methods to ensure consistency in a distributed system||Immediate Consistency||Immediate Consistency|
|Foreign keys Referential integrity||yes||yes||no|
|Transaction concepts Support to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of data||ACID||ACID isolation level can be parameterized||no|
|Concurrency Support for concurrent manipulation of data||yes||yes||yes|
|Durability Support for making data persistent||yes||yes||yes|
|In-memory capabilities Is there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.||yes||yes Version 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'||no|
|User concepts Access control||fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard||fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard||simple authentication-based access control|
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|Derby often called Apache Derby, originally IBM Cloudscape; contained in the Java SDK as JavaDB||Oracle||TempoIQ formerly TempoDB|
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