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DBMS > Derby vs. Newts vs. SpatiaLite vs. TDengine vs. Virtuoso

System Properties Comparison Derby vs. Newts vs. SpatiaLite vs. TDengine vs. Virtuoso

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDerby infooften called Apache Derby, originally IBM Cloudscape; contained in the Java SDK as JavaDB  Xexclude from comparisonNewts  Xexclude from comparisonSpatiaLite  Xexclude from comparisonTDengine  Xexclude from comparisonVirtuoso  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFull-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.Time Series DBMS based on CassandraSpatial extension of SQLiteTime Series DBMS and big data platformVirtuoso is a multi-model hybrid-RDBMS that supports management of data represented as relational tables and/or property graphs
Primary database modelRelational DBMSTime Series DBMSSpatial DBMSTime Series DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Native XML DBMS
Relational DBMS
RDF store
Search engine
Secondary database modelsRelational DBMSRelational DBMSSpatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score5.21
Rank#79  Overall
#42  Relational DBMS
Score0.00
Rank#357  Overall
#33  Time Series DBMS
Score1.94
Rank#127  Overall
#3  Spatial DBMS
Score1.13
Rank#166  Overall
#13  Time Series DBMS
Score6.16
Rank#71  Overall
#13  Document stores
#3  Graph DBMS
#2  Native XML DBMS
#39  Relational DBMS
#2  RDF stores
#9  Search engines
Websitedb.apache.org/­derbyopennms.github.io/­newtswww.gaia-gis.it/­fossil/­libspatialite/­indexgithub.com/­taosdata/­TDengine
tdengine.com
virtuoso.openlinksw.com
Technical documentationdb.apache.org/­derby/­manuals/­index.htmlgithub.com/­OpenNMS/­newts/­wikiwww.gaia-gis.it/­gaia-sins/­spatialite_topics.htmlwww.taosdata.com/­en/­documentationdocs.openlinksw.com/­virtuoso
DeveloperApache Software FoundationOpenNMS GroupAlessandro FurieriTaos DataOpenLink Software
Initial release19972014200820191998
Current release10.15.2.0, March 20205.0.0, August 20207.2.7, May 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoMPL 1.1, GPL v2.0 or LGPL v2.1Open Source infoGPL V3, also commercial editions availableOpen Source infoGPLv2, extended commercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaJavaC++CC
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMLinux
OS X
Windows
server-lessLinuxAIX
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-freeyesyesyes infoSQL - Standard relational schema
RDF - Quad (S, P, O, G) or Triple (S, P, O)
XML - DTD, XML Schema
DAV - freeform filesystem objects, plus User Defined Types a/k/a Dynamic Extension Type
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnononoyes
Secondary indexesyesnoyesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesnoyesSQL-like query languageyes infoSQL-92, SQL-200x, SQL-3, SQLX
APIs and other access methodsJDBCHTTP REST
Java API
JDBC
RESTful HTTP API
ADO.NET
GeoSPARQL
HTTP API
JDBC
Jena RDF API
ODBC
OLE DB
RDF4J API
RESTful HTTP API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SOAP webservices
SPARQL 1.1
WebDAV
XPath
XQuery
XSLT
Supported programming languagesJavaJava.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lua
Python
Rust
.Net
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJava Stored Proceduresnononoyes infoVirtuoso PL
Triggersyesnoyesyes, via alarm monitoringyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding infobased on CassandranoneShardingyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replicationselectable replication factor infobased on CassandranoneyesChain, star, and bi-directional replication
Multi-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency infobased on Cassandra
Immediate Consistency infobased on Cassandra
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyesnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnoyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnonoyesFine-grained Attribute-Based Access Control (ABAC) in addition to typical coarse-grained Role-Based Access Control (RBAC) according to SQL-standard. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)
More information provided by the system vendor
Derby infooften called Apache Derby, originally IBM Cloudscape; contained in the Java SDK as JavaDBNewtsSpatiaLiteTDengineVirtuoso
Specific characteristicsOne of the modules of TDengine is the time-series database. However, in addition...
» more
Virtuoso is a modern multi-model RDBMS for managing data represented as tabular relations...
» more
Competitive advantagesPerformance improvement over 10 times: An innovative data storage structure is defined,...
» more
Performance & Scale — as exemplified by DBpedia and the LOD Cloud it spawned, i.e.,...
» more
Typical application scenariosIT Infrastructure, Servers and Applications Monitoring Internet of Cars, Trucks,...
» more
Used for — Analytics/BI Conceptual Data Virtualization Enterprise Knowledge Graphs...
» more
Key customersBroad use across enterprises and governments including — European Union (EU) US Government...
» more
Market metricsFastest growing database With more than 15,500 stars on GitHub
» more
Largest installed-base ​of Multi-Model RDBMS for AI-friendly Knowledge Graphs Platform...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOpen Source (AGPL v3) Enterprise / Cloud (https://www.taosdata.com/en/support/)
» more
Available in both Commercial Enterprise and Open Source (GPL v2) Editions Feature...
» more

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Derby infooften called Apache Derby, originally IBM Cloudscape; contained in the Java SDK as JavaDBNewtsSpatiaLiteTDengineVirtuoso
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