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DBMS > Derby vs. Nebula Graph vs. PostgreSQL

System Properties Comparison Derby vs. Nebula Graph vs. PostgreSQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDerby infooften called Apache Derby, originally IBM Cloudscape; contained in the Java SDK as JavaDB  Xexclude from comparisonNebula Graph  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFull-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.A distributed, linear scalable, high perfomant Graph DBMSWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelRelational DBMSGraph DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.66
Rank#75  Overall
#42  Relational DBMS
Score1.14
Rank#162  Overall
#15  Graph DBMS
Score586.97
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websitedb.apache.org/­derbygithub.com/­vesoft-inc/­nebula
nebula-graph.io
www.postgresql.org
Technical documentationdb.apache.org/­derby/­manuals/­index.htmldocs.nebula-graph.iowww.postgresql.org/­docs
DeveloperApache Software FoundationVesoft Inc.PostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release199720191989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current release10.15.2.0, March 202014.0, September 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache Version 2.0 + Common Clause 1.0Open Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaC++C
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMLinuxFreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeyesStrong typed schemayes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnoyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesyesyes infoNebula Graph internally uses the Key-Value store RocksDB for persistency. The vertices, edges, and their properties are stored as Key while their values are stored as Value. The primary indexes are per Key and secondary indexes are per Value.yes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesSQL-like query languageyes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methodsJDBCBrowser interface
console (shell)
Proprietary native API
Query language nGQL
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languagesJavaC++
Go
Java
Python
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJava Stored Proceduresuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
Triggersyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingpartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replicationCausal Clustering using Raft protocolSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes infoRelationships in graphsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infousing RocksDByes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardRole-based access controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
Derby infooften called Apache Derby, originally IBM Cloudscape; contained in the Java SDK as JavaDBNebula GraphPostgreSQL
Specific characteristicsNebula Graph is a truly distributed, linearly scalable, lightning-fast graph database,...
» more
Competitive advantagesNebula Graph boasts the world's only graph database solution that is able to host...
» more
Typical application scenariosSocial networking Fraud detection Knowledge graph Data warehouse management Anti...
» more
Key customersCurrently we have some top internet companies in China implementing Nebula Graph...
» more
Market metricsAt our very early stage, Nebula Graph has already received 3.5k stars and thousands...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsNebula Graph is open source and free to use under Apache 2.0 license and Common Clause...
» more
News

Nebula Graph meetup: New Release & Use Cases
12 October 2021

Nebula Graph SWAG Ready for You!
12 October 2021

Nebula Graph Source Code Explained: Planner
11 October 2021

Nebula Graph Source Code Explained: Scheduler & Executor
8 October 2021

Ecosystem Tools: Nebula Graph Dashboard for Monitoring
22 September 2021

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
Derby infooften called Apache Derby, originally IBM Cloudscape; contained in the Java SDK as JavaDBNebula GraphPostgreSQL
DB-Engines blog posts

The Inexorable Rise of PostgreSQL
24 September 2021,  Matt Yonkovit, Percona (sponsor) 

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2020
4 January 2021, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2018
2 January 2019, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

Conferences and events

PostgreSQL Performance Tuning Secrets
On Demand Webinar, 21 October 2021

Postgres Build 2021
Free Virtual Event, 30 November 2021 - 1 December 2021

Finished events

Latest Performance Features in PostgreSQL 14
On Demand Webinar, 14 October 2021 (finished)

Recent citations in the news

JDBC tutorial: Easy installation and setup with Apache Derby
20 December 2019, TheServerSide.com

Apache Derby Out of the Gate, Full Project
1 September 2020, Server Watch

JDBC in Java: 5 facts to know before you begin
30 May 2019, TheServerSide.com

Six free databases with commercial-quality features
3 December 2012, Network World

The Ultimate Open Source Database List Profiling 16 Software Tools
30 May 2019, Solutions Review

provided by Google News

Third Time Is The Charm For Nebula Graph Database
19 January 2021, The Next Platform

The future of graph database: vesoft unveils Nebula Graph 2.0 GA
24 March 2021, PR Web

Graph Database Startup Vesoft Seeks Funds at $1 Billion Value
5 July 2021, Bloomberg

Nebula Graph™ Database Secures $10 Million VC Funding in New Round
15 December 2020, PR Web

Nebula Graph Joins Database Race
15 June 2020, Datanami

provided by Google News

Google Opens Up Spanner Database With PostgreSQL Interface
13 October 2021, The Next Platform

PostgreSQL 14 improves open source database performance
30 September 2021, TechTarget

Open-source veteran PostgreSQL emits release 14: Tweaked, scalable, and ready to get heavy
1 October 2021, The Register

PostgreSQL 14 brings performance boosts
1 October 2021, InfoWorld

PostgreSQL 14 is here - what should you look out for?
14 October 2021, JAXenter

provided by Google News

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