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DBMS > Derby vs. Neo4j vs. NSDb

System Properties Comparison Derby vs. Neo4j vs. NSDb

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDerby infooften called Apache Derby, originally IBM Cloudscape; contained in the Java SDK as JavaDB  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonNSDb  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFull-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.Scalable, ACID-compliant graph database designed with a high-performance distributed cluster architecture, available in self-hosted and cloud offeringsScalable, High-performance Time Series DBMS designed for Real-time Analytics on top of Kubernetes
Primary database modelRelational DBMSGraph DBMSTime Series DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.90
Rank#78  Overall
#42  Relational DBMS
Score58.42
Rank#19  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score0.00
Rank#356  Overall
#32  Time Series DBMS
Websitedb.apache.org/­derbyneo4j.comnsdb.io
Technical documentationdb.apache.org/­derby/­manuals/­index.htmlneo4j.com/­docsnsdb.io/­Architecture
DeveloperApache Software FoundationNeo4j, Inc.
Initial release199720072017
Current release10.15.2.0, March 20204.4.8, June 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Neo4j Aura: Neo4j’s fully managed cloud service: The zero-admin, always-on graph database for cloud developers.
Implementation languageJavaJava, ScalaJava, Scala
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMLinux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
macOS
Data schemeyesschema-free and schema-optional
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes: int, bigint, decimal, string
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesno
Secondary indexesyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneall fields are automatically indexed
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesnoSQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsJDBCBolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
gRPC
HTTP REST
WebSocket
Supported programming languagesJava.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Java
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJava Stored Proceduresyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functionsno
Triggersyesyes infovia event handler
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneyes using Neo4j FabricSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replicationCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version only
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Eventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes infoRelationships in graphsno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesUsing Apache Lucene
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)
More information provided by the system vendor
Derby infooften called Apache Derby, originally IBM Cloudscape; contained in the Java SDK as JavaDBNeo4jNSDb
Specific characteristicsNeo4j delivers graph technology that has been battle tested for performance and scale...
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Competitive advantagesNeo4j is the market leader, graph database category creator, and the most widely...
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Typical application scenariosReal-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
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Key customersOver 800 commercial customers and over 4300 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
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Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than 140 million...
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Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
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3rd partiesGraphable delivers expert services for Neo4j and other Graph DBMS.
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Derby infooften called Apache Derby, originally IBM Cloudscape; contained in the Java SDK as JavaDBNeo4jNSDb
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