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DBMS > Derby vs. MySQL vs. YottaDB

System Properties Comparison Derby vs. MySQL vs. YottaDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDerby infooften called Apache Derby, originally IBM Cloudscape; contained in the Java SDK as JavaDB  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonYottaDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFull-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.Widely used open source RDBMSA fast and solid embedded Key-value store
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIKey-value store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Relational DBMS infousing the Octo plugin
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.60
Rank#70  Overall
#38  Relational DBMS
Score1061.34
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score0.28
Rank#306  Overall
#44  Key-value stores
Websitedb.apache.org/­derbywww.mysql.comyottadb.com
Technical documentationdb.apache.org/­derby/­manuals/­index.htmldev.mysql.com/­docyottadb.com/­resources/­documentation
DeveloperApache Software FoundationOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunYottaDB, LLC
Initial release199719952001
Current release10.17.1.0, November 20238.4.0, April 2024
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availableOpen Source infoAGPL 3.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaC and C++C
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Docker
Linux
Data schemeyesyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyesno
Secondary indexesyesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyes infowith proprietary extensionsby using the Octo plugin
APIs and other access methodsJDBCADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
PostgreSQL wire protocol infousing the Octo plugin
Proprietary protocol
Supported programming languagesJavaAda
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
C
Go
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lua
M
Perl
Python
Rust
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJava Stored Proceduresyes infoproprietary syntax
Triggersyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonehorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabric
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replicationMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
yes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes infonot for MyISAM storage engine
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineoptimistic locking
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engine
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesUsers and groups based on OS-security mechanisms

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More resources
Derby infooften called Apache Derby, originally IBM Cloudscape; contained in the Java SDK as JavaDBMySQLYottaDB
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