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DBMS > Derby vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Newts vs. SpatiaLite

System Properties Comparison Derby vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Newts vs. SpatiaLite

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDerby infooften called Apache Derby, originally IBM Cloudscape; contained in the Java SDK as JavaDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonNewts  Xexclude from comparisonSpatiaLite  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFull-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.Globally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database serviceTime Series DBMS based on CassandraSpatial extension of SQLite
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Time Series DBMSSpatial DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMSRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score6.06
Rank#68  Overall
#37  Relational DBMS
Score37.96
Rank#27  Overall
#4  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Score0.00
Rank#382  Overall
#36  Time Series DBMS
Score2.23
Rank#132  Overall
#3  Spatial DBMS
Websitedb.apache.org/­derbyazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-dbopennms.github.io/­newtswww.gaia-gis.it/­fossil/­libspatialite/­index
Technical documentationdb.apache.org/­derby/­manuals/­index.htmldocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­cosmos-dbgithub.com/­OpenNMS/­newts/­wikiwww.gaia-gis.it/­gaia-sins/­spatialite_topics.html
DeveloperApache Software FoundationMicrosoftOpenNMS GroupAlessandro Furieri
Initial release1997201420142008
Current release10.16.1.1, May 20225.0.0, August 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2commercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoMPL 1.1, GPL v2.0 or LGPL v2.1
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaJavaC++
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMhostedLinux
OS X
Windows
server-less
Data schemeyesschema-freeschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infoJSON typesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnono
Secondary indexesyesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by defaultnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesSQL-like query languagenoyes
APIs and other access methodsJDBCDocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
HTTP REST
Java API
Supported programming languagesJava.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJava Stored ProceduresJavaScriptnono
TriggersyesJavaScriptnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceSharding infobased on Cassandranone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replicationyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceselectable replication factor infobased on Cassandranone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnowith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*nono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Eventual Consistency infobased on Cassandra
Immediate Consistency infobased on Cassandra
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnonoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partitionnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights can be defined down to the item levelnono

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More resources
Derby infooften called Apache Derby, originally IBM Cloudscape; contained in the Java SDK as JavaDBMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBNewtsSpatiaLite
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