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DBMS > Derby vs. Microsoft Access

System Properties Comparison Derby vs. Microsoft Access

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NameDerby infooften called Apache Derby, originally IBM Cloudscape; contained in the Java SDK as JavaDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Access  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFull-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.Microsoft Access combines a backend RDBMS (JET / ACE Engine) with a GUI frontend for data manipulation and queries. infoThe Access frontend is often used for accessing other datasources (DBMS, Excel, etc.)
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.62
Rank#68  Overall
#38  Relational DBMS
Score115.40
Rank#10  Overall
#7  Relational DBMS
Websitedb.apache.org/­derbywww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­microsoft-365/­access
Technical documentationdb.apache.org/­derby/­manuals/­index.htmldeveloper.microsoft.com/­en-us/­access
DeveloperApache Software FoundationMicrosoft
Initial release19971992
Current release10.15.2.0, March 20201902 (16.0.11328.20222), March 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2commercial infoBundled with Microsoft Office
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaC++
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMWindows infoNot a real database server, but making use of DLLs
Data schemeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes
Secondary indexesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyes infobut not compliant to any SQL standard
APIs and other access methodsJDBCADO.NET
DAO
ODBC
OLE DB
Supported programming languagesJavaC
C#
C++
Delphi
Java (JDBC-ODBC)
VBA
Visual Basic.NET
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJava Stored Proceduresyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engine
Triggersyesyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engine
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replicationnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infobut no files for transaction logging
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infobut no files for transaction logging
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardno infoa simple user-level security was built in till version Access 2003

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More resources
Derby infooften called Apache Derby, originally IBM Cloudscape; contained in the Java SDK as JavaDBMicrosoft Access
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