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DBMS > Derby vs. Lovefield vs. RDF4J

System Properties Comparison Derby vs. Lovefield vs. RDF4J

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDerby infooften called Apache Derby, originally IBM Cloudscape; contained in the Java SDK as JavaDB  Xexclude from comparisonLovefield  Xexclude from comparisonRDF4J infoformerly known as Sesame  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFull-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.Embeddable relational database for web apps written in pure JavaScriptRDF4J is a Java framework for processing RDF data, supporting both memory-based and a disk-based storage.
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRDF store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score5.89
Rank#64  Overall
#37  Relational DBMS
Score0.40
Rank#248  Overall
#115  Relational DBMS
Score0.58
Rank#222  Overall
#9  RDF stores
Websitedb.apache.org/­derbygoogle.github.io/­lovefieldrdf4j.org
Technical documentationdb.apache.org/­derby/­manuals/­index.htmlgithub.com/­google/­lovefield/­blob/­master/­docs/­spec_index.mdrdf4j.org/­documentation
DeveloperApache Software FoundationGoogleSince 2016 officially forked into an Eclipse project, former developer was Aduna Software.
Initial release199720142004
Current release10.15.2.0, March 20202.1.12, February 2017
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoEclipse Distribution License (EDL), v1.0.
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaJavaScriptJava
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMserver-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js) infotested with Chrome, Firefox, IE, SafariLinux
OS X
Unix
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyes infoRDF Schemas
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesno
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesSQL-like query language infovia JavaScript builder patternno
APIs and other access methodsJDBCJava API
RIO infoRDF Input/Output
Sail API
SeRQL infoSesame RDF Query Language
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL
Supported programming languagesJavaJavaScriptJava
PHP
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJava Stored Proceduresnoyes
TriggersyesUsing read-only observersyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replicationnonenone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID infoIsolation support depends on the API used
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes, by using IndexedDB or the cloud service Firebase Realtime Databaseyes infoin-memory storage is supported as well
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes infousing MemoryDB
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnono

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More resources
Derby infooften called Apache Derby, originally IBM Cloudscape; contained in the Java SDK as JavaDBLovefieldRDF4J infoformerly known as Sesame
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