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DBMS > Derby vs. Hive vs. JanusGraph

System Properties Comparison Derby vs. Hive vs. JanusGraph

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDerby infooften called Apache Derby, originally IBM Cloudscape; contained in the Java SDK as JavaDB  Xexclude from comparisonHive  Xexclude from comparisonJanusGraph infosuccessor of Titan  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFull-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.data warehouse software for querying and managing large distributed datasets, built on HadoopA Graph DBMS optimized for distributed clusters infoIt was forked from the latest code base of Titan in January 2017
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.60
Rank#70  Overall
#38  Relational DBMS
Score59.76
Rank#18  Overall
#12  Relational DBMS
Score2.02
Rank#125  Overall
#12  Graph DBMS
Websitedb.apache.org/­derbyhive.apache.orgjanusgraph.org
Technical documentationdb.apache.org/­derby/­manuals/­index.htmlcwiki.apache.org/­confluence/­display/­Hive/­Homedocs.janusgraph.org
DeveloperApache Software FoundationApache Software Foundation infoinitially developed by FacebookLinux Foundation; originally developed as Titan by Aurelius
Initial release199720122017
Current release10.17.1.0, November 20233.1.3, April 20220.6.3, February 2023
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaJavaJava
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMAll OS with a Java VMLinux
OS X
Unix
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesno
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesSQL-like DML and DDL statementsno
APIs and other access methodsJDBCJDBC
ODBC
Thrift
Java API
TinkerPop Blueprints
TinkerPop Frames
TinkerPop Gremlin
TinkerPop Rexster
Supported programming languagesJavaC++
Java
PHP
Python
Clojure
Java
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJava Stored Proceduresyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceyes
Triggersyesnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingyes infodepending on the used storage backend (e.g. Cassandra, HBase, BerkeleyDB)
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replicationselectable replication factoryes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infoquery execution via MapReduceyes infovia Faunus, a graph analytics engine
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infoSupports various storage backends: Cassandra, HBase, Berkeley DB, Akiban, Hazelcast
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users, groups and rolesUser authentification and security via Rexster Graph Server

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More resources
Derby infooften called Apache Derby, originally IBM Cloudscape; contained in the Java SDK as JavaDBHiveJanusGraph infosuccessor of Titan
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