DBMS > Derby vs. Google Cloud Spanner vs. Tibero
System Properties Comparison Derby vs. Google Cloud Spanner vs. Tibero
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|Editorial information provided by DB-Engines|
|Name||Derby often called Apache Derby, originally IBM Cloudscape; contained in the Java SDK as JavaDB Xexclude from comparison||Google Cloud Spanner Xexclude from comparison||Tibero Xexclude from comparison|
|Description||Full-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.||A horizontally scalable, globally consistent, relational database service. It is the externalization of the core Google database that runs the biggest aspects of Google, like Ads and Google Play.||A secure RDBMS, designed for easy portability from Oracle|
|Primary database model||Relational DBMS||Relational DBMS||Relational DBMS|
|Developer||Apache Software Foundation||TmaxSoft|
|Current release||10.16.1.1, May 2022||6, April 2015|
|License Commercial or Open Source||Open Source Apache version 2||commercial||commercial|
|Cloud-based only Only available as a cloud service||no||yes||no|
|DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) Database as a Service|
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|Implementation language||Java||C and Assembler|
|Server operating systems||All OS with a Java VM||hosted||AIX|
|Typing predefined data types such as float or date||yes||yes||yes|
|XML support Some form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.||yes||no||yes|
|SQL Support of SQL||yes||yes Query statements complying to ANSI 2011||yes|
|APIs and other access methods||JDBC||gRPC (using protocol buffers) API|
JDBC At present, JDBC supports read-only queries. No support for DDL or DML statements.
RESTful HTTP API
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
|Supported programming languages||Java||Go|
|Server-side scripts Stored procedures||Java Stored Procedures||no||Persistent Stored Procedure (PSM)|
|Partitioning methods Methods for storing different data on different nodes||none||Sharding||horizontal partitioning by range, hash, list or composite|
|Replication methods Methods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodes||Source-replica replication||Multi-source replication with 3 replicas for regional instances.||Multi-source replication|
|MapReduce Offers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methods||no||yes using Google Cloud Dataflow||no|
|Consistency concepts Methods to ensure consistency in a distributed system||Immediate Consistency||Immediate Consistency||Immediate Consistency|
|Foreign keys Referential integrity||yes||yes by using interleaved tables, this features focuses more on performance improvements than on referential integrity||yes|
|Transaction concepts Support to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of data||ACID||ACID Strict serializable isolation||ACID|
|Concurrency Support for concurrent manipulation of data||yes||yes||yes|
|Durability Support for making data persistent||yes||yes||yes|
|In-memory capabilities Is there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.||yes||no||no planned for next version|
|User concepts Access control||fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard||Access rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)||fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard (SQL 92, SQL 99)|
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|Derby often called Apache Derby, originally IBM Cloudscape; contained in the Java SDK as JavaDB||Google Cloud Spanner||Tibero|
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