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DBMS > Derby vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. Memgraph vs. Oracle Rdb

System Properties Comparison Derby vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. Memgraph vs. Oracle Rdb

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDerby infooften called Apache Derby, originally IBM Cloudscape; contained in the Java SDK as JavaDB  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Bigtable  Xexclude from comparisonMemgraph  Xexclude from comparisonOracle Rdb  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFull-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.Google's NoSQL Big Data database service. It's the same database that powers many core Google services, including Search, Analytics, Maps, and Gmail.A hybrid, in-memory first, distributed graph DBMS delivering high-performance on analytical and transactional workloads at enterprise scale
Primary database modelRelational DBMSWide column storeGraph DBMSRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.97
Rank#59  Overall
#33  Relational DBMS
Score2.18
Rank#103  Overall
#7  Wide column stores
Score0.07
Rank#309  Overall
#28  Graph DBMS
Score1.00
Rank#147  Overall
#72  Relational DBMS
Websitedb.apache.org/­derbycloud.google.com/­bigtablememgraph.comwww.oracle.com/­technetwork/­database/­database-technologies/­rdb/­overview/­index.html
Technical documentationdb.apache.org/­derby/­manuals/­index.htmlcloud.google.com/­bigtable/­docsdocs.memgraph.com
DeveloperApache Software FoundationGoogleMemgraph LtdOracle, originally developed by Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC)
Initial release1997201520171984
Current release10.15.2.0, March 20207.3.3.2.0, 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2commercialcommercial infoFree license availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaC and C++
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMhostedLinuxHP Open VMS
Data schemeyesschema-freeschema-free and schema-optionalFlexible Schema (defined schema, partial schema, schema free)
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnonono
Secondary indexesyesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesnonoyes
APIs and other access methodsJDBCgRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HappyBase (Python library)
HBase compatible API (Java)
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Supported programming languagesJavaC#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
.Net
C
C++
Elixir
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJava Stored Proceduresno
Triggersyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingSharding infodynamic graph partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-slave replicationInternal replication in Colossus, and regional replication between two clusters in different zonesMulti-Master replication using RAFT
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate consistency (for a single cluster), Eventual consistency (for two or more replicated clusters)Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyes inforelationships in graphsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDAtomic single-row operationsACID infowith snapshot isolationyes, on a single node
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infowith periodic snapshot and write-ahead logging (WAL) of changesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnoyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)Users, roles and permissions

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More resources
Derby infooften called Apache Derby, originally IBM Cloudscape; contained in the Java SDK as JavaDBGoogle Cloud BigtableMemgraphOracle Rdb
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