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DBMS > Derby vs. Google BigQuery vs. Heroic vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Tibero

System Properties Comparison Derby vs. Google BigQuery vs. Heroic vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Tibero

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDerby infooften called Apache Derby, originally IBM Cloudscape; contained in the Java SDK as JavaDB  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle BigQuery  Xexclude from comparisonHeroic  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonTibero  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFull-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.Large scale data warehouse service with append-only tablesTime Series DBMS built at Spotify based on Cassandra or Google Cloud Bigtable, and ElasticSearchMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSA secure RDBMS, designed for easy portability from Oracle
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSTime Series DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score5.21
Rank#79  Overall
#42  Relational DBMS
Score50.03
Rank#24  Overall
#16  Relational DBMS
Score0.30
Rank#274  Overall
#22  Time Series DBMS
Score944.96
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score1.94
Rank#128  Overall
#62  Relational DBMS
Websitedb.apache.org/­derbycloud.google.com/­bigqueryspotify.github.io/­heroic/­#!/­indexwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.tmaxsoft.com/­products/­tibero
Technical documentationdb.apache.org/­derby/­manuals/­index.htmlcloud.google.com/­bigquery/­docsspotify.github.io/­heroic/­#!/­docs/­overviewdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-servertechnet.tmaxsoft.com/­upload/­download/­online/­tibero/­pver-20150504-000002/­index.html
DeveloperApache Software FoundationGoogleSpotifyMicrosoftTmaxSoft
Initial release19972010201419892003
Current release10.15.2.0, March 2020SQL Server 2019, November 20196, April 2015
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2commercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaJavaC++C and Assembler
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMhostedLinux
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesyesschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnonoyesyes
Secondary indexesyesnoyes infovia Elasticsearchyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyesnoyesyes
APIs and other access methodsJDBCRESTful HTTP/JSON APIHQL (Heroic Query Language, a JSON-based language)
HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Tibero CLI
Supported programming languagesJava.Net
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
PHP
Python
Ruby
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
C
C#
C++
Cobol
Java
Objective-C
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJava Stored Proceduresuser defined functions infoin JavaScriptnoTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) JavaPersistent Stored Procedure (PSM)
Triggersyesnonoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenoneShardingtables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationhorizontal partitioning infoby range, hash, list or composite
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replicationyesyes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnonoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDno infoSince BigQuery is designed for querying datanoACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnonoyesno infoplanned for next version
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess privileges (owner, writer, reader) on dataset, table or view level infoGoogle Cloud Identity & Access Management (IAM)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard (SQL 92, SQL 99)

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More resources
Derby infooften called Apache Derby, originally IBM Cloudscape; contained in the Java SDK as JavaDBGoogle BigQueryHeroicMicrosoft SQL ServerTibero
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