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DBMS > Derby vs. Geode vs. GraphDB vs. Stardog

System Properties Comparison Derby vs. Geode vs. GraphDB vs. Stardog

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDerby infooften called Apache Derby, originally IBM Cloudscape; contained in the Java SDK as JavaDB  Xexclude from comparisonGeode  Xexclude from comparisonGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIM  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFull-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.Geode is a distributed data container, pooling memory, CPU, network resources, and optionally local disk across multiple processesEnterprise RDF and graph database with efficient reasoning, cluster and external index synchronization supportEnterprise Knowledge Graph and graph DBMS with high availability and high performance reasoning
Primary database modelRelational DBMSKey-value storeGraph DBMS
RDF store
Graph DBMS
RDF store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score5.31
Rank#60  Overall
#33  Relational DBMS
Score1.59
Rank#124  Overall
#22  Key-value stores
Score1.14
Rank#137  Overall
#8  Graph DBMS
#5  RDF stores
Score0.81
Rank#165  Overall
#13  Graph DBMS
#7  RDF stores
Websitedb.apache.org/­derbygeode.apache.orggraphdb.ontotext.comwww.stardog.com
Technical documentationdb.apache.org/­derby/­manuals/­index.htmlgeode.apache.org/­docsgraphdb.ontotext.com/­documentationwww.stardog.com/­docs
DeveloperApache Software FoundationOriginally developed by Gemstone. They outsourced the project to Apache in 2015 but still deliver a commercial version as Gemfire.OntotextStardog-Union
Initial release1997200220002010
Current release10.15.1.3, March 20191.1, February 20178.8, January 20196.2.3, July 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache Version 2; commercial licenses available as Gemfirecommercial infolimited edition freecommercial info60-day fully-featured trial license; 1-year fully-featured non-commercial use license for academics/students
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono infoNamed S4, Ontotext provides a semantic graph database based on GraphDB in the cloud.no
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaJavaJavaJava
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMAll OS with a Java VM infothe JDK (8 or later) is also requiredAll OS with a Java VM
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
macOS
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-freeschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema supportschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema support
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnonono infoImport/export of XML data possible
Secondary indexesyesnoyes, supports real-time synchronization and indexing in SOLR/Elastic search/Lucene and GeoSPARQL geometry data indexesyes infosupports real-time indexing in full-text and geospatial
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesSQL-like query language (OQL)SPARQL is used as query languageSPARQL is used as query language
APIs and other access methodsJDBCJava Client API
Memcached protocol
RESTful HTTP API
GeoSPARQL
Java API
RDF4J API
RIO
Sail API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL 1.1
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Jena RDF API
OWL
RDF4J API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SNARL
SPARQL
Spring Data
Stardog Studio
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languagesJava.Net
All JVM based languages
C++
Groovy
Java
Scala
.Net
C#
Clojure
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJava Stored Proceduresuser defined functionsJava Server Pluginuser defined functions and aggregates, HTTP Server extensions in Java
Triggersyesyes infoCache Event Listenersnoyes infovia event handlers
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingnonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-slave replicationMaster-master replicationMaster-master replicationMaster-master replication in HA-Cluster
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency, Eventual consistency (configurable in cluster mode per master or individual client request)Immediate Consistency in HA-Cluster
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyes infoConstraint checkingyes inforelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDyes, on a single nodeACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights per client and object definableyesAccess rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
Derby infooften called Apache Derby, originally IBM Cloudscape; contained in the Java SDK as JavaDBGeodeGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMStardog
Specific characteristicsGraphDB Enterprise is a high-performance semantic repository created by Ontotext....
» more
Stardog is a knowledge graph platform backed by a performant, scalable graph database....
» more
Competitive advantagesGraphDB allows you to link text and data in big knowledge graphs. It’s easy to experiment...
» more
Stardog is uniquely designed to aid in data integration for your complex data. Benefits...
» more
Typical application scenariosMetadata enrichment and management, linked open data publishing, semantic inferencing...
» more
Stardog is frequently used for: Anti-money laundering & fraud monitoring Customer...
» more
Key customersBBC, Press Association, Financial Times, DK, Euromoney, The British Museum, Getty...
» more
Bosch, Dow Jones, Elsevier, Ericsson, Morgan Stanley, NASA, NIH, Nokia, Salesforce,...
» more
Market metricsGraphDB is the most utilized semantic triplestore for mission-critical enterprise...
» more
Stardog's technology is based on ground-breaking research by our founders cited 10,000+...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGraphDB-Free is free to use. SE and Enterprise are licensed per CPU-Core used. Perpetual...
» more
A fully-featured 60-day Trial license is available for those testing Stardog; contact...
» more
News

Ontotext’s Graph Database Helps Create EU-Wide Company Business Graph
23 January 2020

A Graphful of Investment Opportunities
10 January 2020

Ontotext’s Most Popular Blog Posts for 2019
30 December 2019

A New Hope: The Rise of the Knowledge Graph
6 December 2019

The New Improved and Open GraphDB
7 November 2019

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
Derby infooften called Apache Derby, originally IBM Cloudscape; contained in the Java SDK as JavaDBGeodeGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMStardog
Conferences and events

Designing Semantic Technology Proof-of-Concept
Online Training, 13:00 – 18:00 UTC, 12 December 2019 (finished)

Ontotext Platform – the Fast Track from an RDF Model to a Knowledge Graph
Online Training, 4pm GMT, 17 December 2019 (finished)

Recent citations in the news

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It's just semantics: Bulgarian software dev Ontotext squeezes out GraphDB 9.1
15 January 2020, The Register

GraphDB Goes Open Source
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GraphDB 9.1 - the Database to Support High-quality Knowledge Graphs
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Ontotext GraphDB Named Innovator in Bloor's Graph Database Market Research
11 February 2019, PRNewswire

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