DB-EnginesInfluxDB download bannerEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Derby vs. Geode vs. GraphDB vs. Neo4j

System Properties Comparison Derby vs. Geode vs. GraphDB vs. Neo4j

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDerby infooften called Apache Derby, originally IBM Cloudscape; contained in the Java SDK as JavaDB  Xexclude from comparisonGeode  Xexclude from comparisonGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIM  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFull-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.Geode is a distributed data container, pooling memory, CPU, network resources, and optionally local disk across multiple processesEnterprise RDF and graph database with efficient reasoning, cluster and external index synchronization supportOpen source graph database
Primary database modelRelational DBMSKey-value storeGraph DBMS
RDF store
Graph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score5.31
Rank#60  Overall
#33  Relational DBMS
Score1.59
Rank#124  Overall
#22  Key-value stores
Score1.14
Rank#137  Overall
#8  Graph DBMS
#5  RDF stores
Score51.66
Rank#22  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Websitedb.apache.org/­derbygeode.apache.orggraphdb.ontotext.comneo4j.com
Technical documentationdb.apache.org/­derby/­manuals/­index.htmlgeode.apache.org/­docsgraphdb.ontotext.com/­documentationneo4j.com/­docs
DeveloperApache Software FoundationOriginally developed by Gemstone. They outsourced the project to Apache in 2015 but still deliver a commercial version as Gemfire.OntotextNeo4j, Inc.
Initial release1997200220002007
Current release10.15.1.3, March 20191.1, February 20178.8, January 20193.5.8, July 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache Version 2; commercial licenses available as Gemfirecommercial infolimited edition freeOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono infoNamed S4, Ontotext provides a semantic graph database based on GraphDB in the cloud.no
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaJavaJavaJava, Scala
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMAll OS with a Java VM infothe JDK (8 or later) is also requiredAll OS with a Java VM
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-freeschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema supportschema-free and schema-optional
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnono
Secondary indexesyesnoyes, supports real-time synchronization and indexing in SOLR/Elastic search/Lucene and GeoSPARQL geometry data indexesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Lucene
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesSQL-like query language (OQL)SPARQL is used as query languageno
APIs and other access methodsJDBCJava Client API
Memcached protocol
RESTful HTTP API
GeoSPARQL
Java API
RDF4J API
RIO
Sail API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL 1.1
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languagesJava.Net
All JVM based languages
C++
Groovy
Java
Scala
.Net
C#
Clojure
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJava Stored Proceduresuser defined functionsJava Server Pluginyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functions
Triggersyesyes infoCache Event Listenersnoyes infovia event handler
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingnonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-slave replicationMaster-master replicationMaster-master replicationCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version only
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency, Eventual consistency (configurable in cluster mode per master or individual client request)Causal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyes infoConstraint checkingyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDyes, on a single nodeACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights per client and object definableyesUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)
More information provided by the system vendor
Derby infooften called Apache Derby, originally IBM Cloudscape; contained in the Java SDK as JavaDBGeodeGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMNeo4j
Specific characteristicsGraphDB Enterprise is a high-performance semantic repository created by Ontotext....
» more
Neo4j is a native graph database platform that is built to store, query, analyze...
» more
Competitive advantagesGraphDB allows you to link text and data in big knowledge graphs. It’s easy to experiment...
» more
Neo4j database is the only transactional database that combines everything you need...
» more
Typical application scenariosMetadata enrichment and management, linked open data publishing, semantic inferencing...
» more
Real-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersBBC, Press Association, Financial Times, DK, Euromoney, The British Museum, Getty...
» more
Over 300 commercial customers and over 750 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsGraphDB is the most utilized semantic triplestore for mission-critical enterprise...
» more
Neo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than a 15 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGraphDB-Free is free to use. SE and Enterprise are licensed per CPU-Core used. Perpetual...
» more
GPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
News

A Graphful of Investment Opportunities
10 January 2020

Ontotext’s Most Popular Blog Posts for 2019
30 December 2019

A New Hope: The Rise of the Knowledge Graph
6 December 2019

The New Improved and Open GraphDB
7 November 2019

It Takes Two to Tango: Knowledge Graphs and Text Analysis
5 November 2019

This Week in Neo4j – Discovering the Soul of a Product, UK Singles Chart Graph, Building Real-Time UIs with Kafka and Vue.js
18 January 2020

Creating Aha Moments for Developers: The 5-Minute Interview with Jennifer Reif, Developer Relations Engineer at Neo4j
17 January 2020

Graphs to Fight Diabetes
15 January 2020

This Week in Neo4j – Analyzing .NET Dependencies, Coloring a Sudoku Graph, Christmas Messages Graph, Making Graph Algorithms ‘Clique’
11 January 2020

#GraphCast: How-To Video Series
10 January 2020

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Derby infooften called Apache Derby, originally IBM Cloudscape; contained in the Java SDK as JavaDBGeodeGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMNeo4j
DB-Engines blog posts

Applying Graph Analytics to Game of Thrones
12 June 2019, Amy Hodler & Mark Needham, Neo4j (guest author)

MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

The openCypher Project: Help Shape the SQL for Graphs
22 December 2015, Emil Eifrem (guest author)

show all

Conferences and events

Designing Semantic Technology Proof-of-Concept
Online Training, 13:00 – 18:00 UTC, 12 December 2019 (finished)

Ontotext Platform – the Fast Track from an RDF Model to a Knowledge Graph
Online Training, 4pm GMT, 17 December 2019 (finished)

GraphConnect 2020
New York, USA, 20-22 April 2020

Recent citations in the news

JDBC tutorial: Easy installation and setup with Apache Derby
20 December 2019, TheServerSide.com

The Ultimate Open Source Database List Profiling 16 Software Tools
30 May 2019, Solutions Review

Six free databases with commercial-quality features
3 December 2012, Network World

JDBC vs. ODBC: What's the difference between these APIs?
24 May 2019, TheServerSide.com

How to set JAVA_HOME in Windows and echo the result
23 July 2019, TheServerSide.com

provided by Google News

High-Performance Data Processing with Spring Cloud Data Flow and Geode
30 October 2019, InfoQ.com

Where Does Apache Geode Fit in CQRS Architectures?
18 December 2016, InfoQ.com

TIBCO Snaps Up SnappyData: Spark + Geode on Steroids
8 March 2019, Computer Business Review

TIBCO Gets Streaming Boost with SnappyData Deal
7 March 2019, Datanami

Simplifying Apache Geode with Spring Data
2 June 2018, InfoQ.com

provided by Google News

It's just semantics: Bulgarian software dev Ontotext squeezes out GraphDB 9.1
15 January 2020, The Register

GraphDB 9.1 - the Database to Support High-quality Knowledge Graphs
13 January 2020, PRNewswire

GraphDB Improves the Knowledge Graph Experience in Latest Update
12 January 2020, Database Trends and Applications

Ontotext GraphDB Named Innovator in Bloor's Graph Database Market Research
11 February 2019, PRNewswire

Ontotext's GraphDB 8.10 Makes Knowledge Graph Experience Faster and Richer
13 June 2019, Yahoo Finance

provided by Google News

Neo4j the graph database
14 January 2020, App Developer Magazine

Neo4j introduces new cloud service to simplify building a graph database
6 November 2019, TechCrunch

Neo4j is the Graph Database of Choice for World's Top Financial Services Organizations
22 October 2019, PRNewswire

Neo4j Announces 2019 Graphie Award Winners
18 December 2019, Yahoo Finance

It's just semantics: Bulgarian software dev Ontotext squeezes out GraphDB 9.1
15 January 2020, The Register

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Software Engineer
Carrier, Kennesaw, GA

Technical Support Engineer- Software
Percussion Software, Burlington, MA

Product Manager - Cloud & Container Security | Kubernetes
JP Morgan Chase, Seattle, WA

Software Engineer - Workflow Engineering
Goldman Sachs, New York, NY

Entry Level Data Scientist
RTI International, Durham, NC

AI Scientist (PwC Labs)
PwC, New York, NY

Data Analyst - Neo4J - Data Scientist
Capgemini, Atlanta, GA

Data Scientist
RTI International, Durham, NC

Data Scientist
Colsh Consultants, Georgia

jobs by Indeed




Share this page

Featured Products

MariaDB logo

How do MariaDB, Oracle MySQL and EnterpriseDB compare?
Get the white paper to
learn more.

Datastax Luna logo

Simple, subscription-based support for open source
Apache Cassandra™ from the Cassandra experts.
Learn more.

AllegroGraph logo

Graph Database Leader for AI Knowledge Graph Applications - The Most Secure Graph Database Available.
Free Download

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.

Neo4j logo

Get your free copy of the new O'Reilly book Graph Algorithms with 20+ examples for
machine learning, graph analytics and more.

Present your product here