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DBMS > Derby vs. FoundationDB vs. H2 vs. Hazelcast

System Properties Comparison Derby vs. FoundationDB vs. H2 vs. Hazelcast

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDerby infooften called Apache Derby, originally IBM Cloudscape; contained in the Java SDK as JavaDB  Xexclude from comparisonFoundationDB  Xexclude from comparisonH2  Xexclude from comparisonHazelcast  Xexclude from comparison
Created as commercial project in 2013, FoundationDB has been acquired by Apple in March 2015 and was withdrawn from the market. As a consequence, the product was removed from the DB-Engines ranking. In April 2018, Apple open-sourced FoundationDB and it therefore reappears in the ranking.
DescriptionFull-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.Ordered key-value store. Core features are complimented by layers.Full-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.A widely adopted in-memory data grid
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument store infosupported via specific layer
Key-value store
Relational DBMS infosupported via specific SQL-layer
Relational DBMSKey-value store
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMSDocument store infoJSON support with IMDG 3.12
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.97
Rank#74  Overall
#41  Relational DBMS
Score1.29
Rank#152  Overall
#26  Document stores
#28  Key-value stores
#72  Relational DBMS
Score9.99
Rank#47  Overall
#30  Relational DBMS
Score9.52
Rank#50  Overall
#6  Key-value stores
Websitedb.apache.org/­derbywww.foundationdb.orgwww.h2database.comhazelcast.com
Technical documentationdb.apache.org/­derby/­manuals/­index.htmlapple.github.io/­foundationdbwww.h2database.com/­html/­main.htmlhazelcast.org/­imdg/­docs
DeveloperApache Software FoundationFoundationDBThomas MuellerHazelcast
Initial release1997201320052008
Current release10.15.2.0, March 20206.2.28, November 20202.1.210, January 20225.0, September 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infodual-licence (Mozilla public license, Eclipse public license)Open Source infoApache Version 2; commercial licenses available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaC++JavaJava
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMLinux
OS X
Windows
All OS with a Java VMAll OS with a Java VM
Data schemeyesschema-free infosome layers support schemasyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesno infosome layers support typingyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnoyes infothe object must implement a serialization strategy
Secondary indexesyesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyessupported in specific SQL layer onlyyesSQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsJDBCJDBC
ODBC
JCache
JPA
Memcached protocol
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languagesJava.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Swift
Java.Net
C#
C++
Clojure
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJava Stored Proceduresin SQL-layer onlyJava Stored Procedures and User-Defined Functionsyes infoEvent Listeners, Executor Services
Triggersyesnoyesyes infoEvents
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingnoneSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replicationyesWith clustering: 2 database servers on different computers operate on identical copies of a databaseyes infoReplicated Map
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyLinearizable consistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency selectable by user infoRaft Consensus Algorithm
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesin SQL-layer onlyyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDone or two-phase-commit; repeatable reads; read commited
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standardRole-based access control

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More resources
Derby infooften called Apache Derby, originally IBM Cloudscape; contained in the Java SDK as JavaDBFoundationDBH2Hazelcast
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