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DBMS > Derby vs. Firebase Realtime Database vs. TinkerGraph

System Properties Comparison Derby vs. Firebase Realtime Database vs. TinkerGraph

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDerby infooften called Apache Derby, originally IBM Cloudscape; contained in the Java SDK as JavaDB  Xexclude from comparisonFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparisonTinkerGraph  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFull-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.Cloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.A lightweight, in-memory graph engine that serves as a reference implementation of the TinkerPop3 API
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument storeGraph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score5.30
Rank#66  Overall
#36  Relational DBMS
Score15.00
Rank#39  Overall
#6  Document stores
Score0.12
Rank#344  Overall
#34  Graph DBMS
Websitedb.apache.org/­derbyfirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-databasetinkerpop.apache.org/­docs/­current/­reference/­#tinkergraph-gremlin
Technical documentationdb.apache.org/­derby/­manuals/­index.htmlfirebase.google.com/­docs/­database
DeveloperApache Software FoundationGoogle infoacquired by Google 2014
Initial release199720122009
Current release10.17.1.0, November 2023
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2commercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaJava
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMhosted
Data schemeyesschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnono
Secondary indexesyesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesnono
APIs and other access methodsJDBCAndroid
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languagesJavaJava
JavaScript
Objective-C
Groovy
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJava Stored Procedureslimited functionality with using 'rules'no
TriggersyesCallbacks are triggered when data changesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replicationnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
none
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDyesno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesno
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesoptional
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyes, based on authentication and database rulesno

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More resources
Derby infooften called Apache Derby, originally IBM Cloudscape; contained in the Java SDK as JavaDBFirebase Realtime DatabaseTinkerGraph
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