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DBMS > Derby vs. Firebase Realtime Database vs. MySQL

System Properties Comparison Derby vs. Firebase Realtime Database vs. MySQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDerby infooften called Apache Derby, originally IBM Cloudscape; contained in the Java SDK as JavaDB  Xexclude from comparisonFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFull-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.Cloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.Widely used open source RDBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument storeRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached API
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score6.29
Rank#58  Overall
#32  Relational DBMS
Score15.31
Rank#37  Overall
#6  Document stores
Score1261.57
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Websitedb.apache.org/­derbyfirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-databasewww.mysql.com
Technical documentationdb.apache.org/­derby/­manuals/­index.htmlfirebase.google.com/­docs/­databasedev.mysql.com/­doc
DeveloperApache Software FoundationGoogle infoacquired by Google 2014Oracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then Sun
Initial release199720121995
Current release10.15.2.0, March 20208.0.21, 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2commercialOpen Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaC and C++
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMhostedFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnoyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesnoyes infowith proprietary extensions
APIs and other access methodsJDBCAndroid
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
Supported programming languagesJavaJava
JavaScript
Objective-C
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJava Stored Procedureslimited functionality with using 'rules'yes infoproprietary syntax
TriggersyesCallbacks are triggered when data changesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonehorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabric
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replicationMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyes infonot for MyISAM storage engine
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDyesACID infonot for MyISAM storage engine
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engine
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyes, based on authentication and database rulesUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or roles

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More resources
Derby infooften called Apache Derby, originally IBM Cloudscape; contained in the Java SDK as JavaDBFirebase Realtime DatabaseMySQL
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