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DBMS > Derby vs. Firebase Realtime Database vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Data Warehouse

System Properties Comparison Derby vs. Firebase Realtime Database vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Data Warehouse

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDerby infooften called Apache Derby, originally IBM Cloudscape; contained in the Java SDK as JavaDB  Xexclude from comparisonFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFull-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.Cloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.Elastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL Server
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument storeRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score6.15
Rank#62  Overall
#35  Relational DBMS
Score16.26
Rank#36  Overall
#6  Document stores
Score8.61
Rank#47  Overall
#28  Relational DBMS
Websitedb.apache.org/­derbyfirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-databaseazure.microsoft.com/­services/­sql-data-warehouse
Technical documentationdb.apache.org/­derby/­manuals/­index.htmlfirebase.google.com/­docs/­databasedocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­sql-data-warehouse
DeveloperApache Software FoundationGoogle infoacquired by Google 2014Microsoft
Initial release199720122016
Current release10.15.2.0, March 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2commercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaC++
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMhostedhosted
Data schemeyesschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesnoyes
APIs and other access methodsJDBCAndroid
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesJavaJava
JavaScript
Objective-C
C#
Java
PHP
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJava Stored Procedureslimited functionality with using 'rules'Transact SQL
TriggersyesCallbacks are triggered when data changesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding, horizontal partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replicationyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDyesACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyes, based on authentication and database rulesyes

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More resources
Derby infooften called Apache Derby, originally IBM Cloudscape; contained in the Java SDK as JavaDBFirebase Realtime DatabaseMicrosoft Azure SQL Data Warehouse
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