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DBMS > Derby vs. FileMaker vs. Oracle

System Properties Comparison Derby vs. FileMaker vs. Oracle

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDerby infooften called Apache Derby, originally IBM Cloudscape; contained in the Java SDK as JavaDB  Xexclude from comparisonFileMaker  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFull-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.FileMaker is a cross-platform RDBMS that includes a GUI frontend.Widely used RDBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score5.79
Rank#63  Overall
#36  Relational DBMS
Score47.39
Rank#22  Overall
#14  Relational DBMS
Score1322.93
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Websitedb.apache.org/­derbywww.claris.com/­filemakerwww.oracle.com/­database
Technical documentationdb.apache.org/­derby/­manuals/­index.htmlwww.claris.com/­resources/­documentationdocs.oracle.com/­en/­database
DeveloperApache Software FoundationFileMaker infoa subsidiary of AppleOracle
Initial release199719831980
Current release10.15.2.0, March 202019, May 202019c, February 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2commercialcommercial inforestricted free version is available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaC and C++
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMiOS
OS X
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Data schemeyesyesyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columns
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyes infoA http query request can return the data in XML formatyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyes infovia pluginsyes infowith proprietary extensions
APIs and other access methodsJDBCFilemaker WebDirect
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Supported programming languagesJavaPHPC
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJava Stored ProceduresyesPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possible
Triggersyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenonehorizontal partitioning infowith the optional Oracle Partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replicationSource-replica replication, warm standby infosince Version 14Multi-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono infocan be realized in PL/SQL
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACID infoisolation level can be parameterized
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardsimple rights management via user accounts and connection to external directory servicesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
Derby infooften called Apache Derby, originally IBM Cloudscape; contained in the Java SDK as JavaDBFileMakerOracle
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