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DBMS > Derby vs. Elasticsearch vs. SQLite

System Properties Comparison Derby vs. Elasticsearch vs. SQLite

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDerby infooften called Apache Derby, originally IBM Cloudscape; contained in the Java SDK as JavaDB  Xexclude from comparisonElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonSQLite  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFull-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.A distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricWidely used embeddable, in-process RDBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSSearch engineRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Vector DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score5.30
Rank#66  Overall
#36  Relational DBMS
Score134.78
Rank#7  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score116.01
Rank#10  Overall
#7  Relational DBMS
Websitedb.apache.org/­derbywww.elastic.co/­elasticsearchwww.sqlite.org
Technical documentationdb.apache.org/­derby/­manuals/­index.htmlwww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmlwww.sqlite.org/­docs.html
DeveloperApache Software FoundationElasticDwayne Richard Hipp
Initial release199720102000
Current release10.17.1.0, November 20238.6, January 20233.45.2  (12 March 2024), March 2024
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoElastic LicenseOpen Source infoPublic Domain
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaJavaC
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMAll OS with a Java VMserver-less
Data schemeyesschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentyes infodynamic column types
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infonot rigid because of 'dynamic typing' concept.
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnono
Secondary indexesyesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesSQL-like query languageyes infoSQL-92 is not fully supported
APIs and other access methodsJDBCJava API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
ADO.NET infoinofficial driver
JDBC infoinofficial driver
ODBC infoinofficial driver
Supported programming languagesJava.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Actionscript
Ada
Basic
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Forth
Fortran
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJava Stored Proceduresyesno
Triggersyesyes infoby using the 'percolation' featureyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replicationyesnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoES-Hadoop Connectorno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, all
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infovia file-system locks
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesMemcached and Redis integrationyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardno

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More resources
Derby infooften called Apache Derby, originally IBM Cloudscape; contained in the Java SDK as JavaDBElasticsearchSQLite
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