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DBMS > Derby vs. Drizzle vs. Memgraph vs. Nebula Graph vs. PostgreSQL

System Properties Comparison Derby vs. Drizzle vs. Memgraph vs. Nebula Graph vs. PostgreSQL

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDerby infooften called Apache Derby, originally IBM Cloudscape; contained in the Java SDK as JavaDB  Xexclude from comparisonDrizzle  Xexclude from comparisonMemgraph  Xexclude from comparisonNebula Graph  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparison
Drizzle has published its last release in September 2012. The open-source project is discontinued and Drizzle is excluded from the DB-Engines ranking.
DescriptionFull-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.MySQL fork with a pluggable micro-kernel and with an emphasis of performance over compatibility.A hybrid, in-memory first, distributed graph DBMS delivering high-performance on analytical and transactional workloads at enterprise scaleA distributed, linear scalable, high perfomant Graph DBMSWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMSGraph DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.84
Rank#73  Overall
#40  Relational DBMS
Score0.28
Rank#273  Overall
#23  Graph DBMS
Score1.10
Rank#167  Overall
#15  Graph DBMS
Score577.15
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websitedb.apache.org/­derbymemgraph.comgithub.com/­vesoft-inc/­nebula
nebula-graph.io
www.postgresql.org
Technical documentationdb.apache.org/­derby/­manuals/­index.htmldocs.memgraph.comdocs.nebula-graph.iowww.postgresql.org/­docs
DeveloperApache Software FoundationDrizzle project, originally started by Brian AkerMemgraph LtdVesoft Inc.PostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release19972008201720191989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current release10.15.2.0, March 20207.2.4, September 201213.3, May 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoGNU GPLcommercial infoFree license availableOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0 + Common Clause 1.0Open Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaC++C and C++C++C
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
LinuxLinuxFreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeyesyesschema-free and schema-optionalStrong typed schemayes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnonoyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infoNebula Graph internally uses the Key-Value store RocksDB for persistency. The vertices, edges, and their properties are stored as Key while their values are stored as Value. The primary indexes are per Key and secondary indexes are per Value.yes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyes infowith proprietary extensionsnoSQL-like query languageyes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methodsJDBCJDBCBolt protocol
Cypher query language
Browser interface
console (shell)
Proprietary native API
Query language nGQL
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languagesJavaC
C++
Java
PHP
.Net
C
C++
Elixir
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C++
Go
Java
Python
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJava Stored Proceduresnouser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
Triggersyesno infohooks for callbacks inside the server can be used.yes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingSharding infodynamic graph partitioningShardingpartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesSource-replica replicationMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication using RAFTCausal Clustering using Raft protocolSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyes inforelationships in graphsyes infoRelationships in graphsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID infowith snapshot isolationACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infowith periodic snapshot and write-ahead logging (WAL) of changesyes infousing RocksDByes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardPluggable authentication mechanisms infoe.g. LDAP, HTTPUsers, roles and permissionsRole-based access controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
Derby infooften called Apache Derby, originally IBM Cloudscape; contained in the Java SDK as JavaDBDrizzleMemgraphNebula GraphPostgreSQL
Specific characteristicsNebula Graph is a truly distributed, linearly scalable, lightning-fast graph database,...
» more
Competitive advantagesNebula Graph boasts the world's only graph database solution that is able to host...
» more
Typical application scenariosSocial networking Fraud detection Knowledge graph Data warehouse management Anti...
» more
Key customersCurrently we have some top internet companies in China implementing Nebula Graph...
» more
Market metricsAt our very early stage, Nebula Graph has already received 3.5k stars and thousands...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsNebula Graph is open source and free to use under Apache 2.0 license and Common Clause...
» more
News

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More resources
Derby infooften called Apache Derby, originally IBM Cloudscape; contained in the Java SDK as JavaDBDrizzleMemgraphNebula GraphPostgreSQL
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