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DBMS > Datomic vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. TinkerGraph

System Properties Comparison Datomic vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. TinkerGraph

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDatomic  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonTinkerGraph  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDatomic builds on immutable values, supports point-in-time queries and uses 3rd party systems for durabilityMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSA lightweight, in-memory graph engine that serves as a reference implementation of the TinkerPop3 API
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.92
Rank#129  Overall
#63  Relational DBMS
Score926.30
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score0.23
Rank#285  Overall
#23  Graph DBMS
Websitewww.datomic.comwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-servertinkerpop.apache.org/­docs/­current/­reference/­#tinkergraph-gremlin
Technical documentationdocs.datomic.comdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-server
DeveloperCognitectMicrosoft
Initial release201219892009
Current release1.0.6362, January 2022SQL Server 2019, November 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infolimited edition freecommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJava, ClojureC++Java
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMLinux
Windows
Data schemeyesyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesno
Secondary indexesyesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyesno
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP APIADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languagesClojure
Java
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
Groovy
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoTransaction FunctionsTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javano
TriggersBy using transaction functionsyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnone infoBut extensive use of caching in the application peerstables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnone infoBut extensive use of caching in the application peersyes, but depending on the SQL-Server Editionnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistencynone
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesno
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infousing external storage systems (e.g. Cassandra, DynamoDB, PostgreSQL, Couchbase and others)yesoptional
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes inforecommended only for testing and developmentyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standardno

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More resources
DatomicMicrosoft SQL ServerTinkerGraph
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Recent citations in the news

The Architecture of Datomic
2 November 2012, InfoQ.com

Rich Hickey on Datomic: Datalog, Databases, Persistent Data Structures
4 April 2012, InfoQ.com

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