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DBMS > Datomic vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. RocksDB vs. SAP SQL Anywhere

System Properties Comparison Datomic vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. RocksDB vs. SAP SQL Anywhere

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameDatomic  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonRocksDB  Xexclude from comparisonSAP SQL Anywhere infoformerly called Adaptive Server Anywhere  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDatomic builds on immutable values, supports point-in-time queries and uses 3rd party systems for durabilityGlobally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database serviceEmbeddable persistent key-value store optimized for fast storage (flash and RAM)RDBMS database and synchronization technologies for server, desktop, remote office, and mobile environments
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Key-value storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.96
Rank#119  Overall
#58  Relational DBMS
Score36.47
Rank#25  Overall
#3  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Score3.58
Rank#87  Overall
#14  Key-value stores
Score5.61
Rank#64  Overall
#35  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.datomic.comazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-dbrocksdb.orgwww.sap.com/­products/­sql-anywhere.html
Technical documentationdocs.datomic.comdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­cosmos-dbgithub.com/­facebook/­rocksdb/­wikihelp.sap.com/­sql-anywhere
DeveloperCognitectMicrosoftFacebook, Inc.SAP infoformerly Sybase
Initial release2012201420131992
Current release0.9.5951, July 20196.20.3, May 202117, July 2015
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infolimited edition freecommercialOpen Source infoBSDcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJava, ClojureC++
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VMhostedAIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-freeschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infoJSON typesnoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes
Secondary indexesyesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by defaultnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL-like query languagenoyes
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP APIDocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
C++ API
Java API
ADO.NET
HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesClojure
Java
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
C++
Java
C
C#
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes infoTransaction FunctionsJavaScriptnoyes, in C/C++, Java, .Net or Perl
TriggersBy using transaction functionsJavaScriptnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnone infoBut extensive use of caching in the application peersSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicenonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnone infoBut extensive use of caching in the application peersyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicenoneSource-replica replication infoDatabase mirroring
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnowith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*nono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynononoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partitionyesACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyes infousing external storage systems (e.g. Cassandra, DynamoDB, PostgreSQL, Couchbase and others)yesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes inforecommended only for testing and developmentyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlnoAccess rights can be defined down to the item levelnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
DatomicMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBRocksDBSAP SQL Anywhere infoformerly called Adaptive Server Anywhere
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